Under this heading we shall publish weekly notes oj some of the more pr&m inait home and foreign patents. Car Dooe.—Thomas E. Leighton, Cameron, Mo.—This invention consists in a lower door, which is attached by hinges to the bed frame of the car, so as to open outward and downward, and thus form a short platform as part of the car. Extensive Pettning Sheaes.—John Stark, Thomasville, Ga.—This improvement relates to lever shears for pruning fruit and other trees, whereby the shears may be extended so as to be used as either hand or pole shears. Cooking Stove and Range.—E. C. Little, L. E. Clow, and D. H. Nation, Sti Louis, Mo.—This invention relates to improvements made in cooking stoves or cooking ranges, whereby they are made much more useful and economical than stoves or ranges of ordinary construction. Maeble Sawing Machines.—C. H; G. Pease, Danbury, Conn;—The object of this invention is to accomplish the sawing of marble and other stone in circular blocks, with a simple and effective apparatus; It consists in suspending the block to be sawn in trunnions before a horizontal reciprocating saw. Pea Rake.—Sylvester Skinner, Clayton, N.Y.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in p'ea rakes, and which consists in a malleable iron socket or a double ferrule welded, or otherwise joined to a curved brace or extension of the same material, which is Connected to the rake head by rivets, or in other suitable manner, thus forming a suitable bend or curve, so that the handle will need no Crook or bend to put the head and blade in a proper angle for cutting, and furthermore, will not loose its bend orcurveas the ordinarybent woodenhandlesinvariably do after using but a short time. Road Sckapek.—Wm. W. Rumrill, Roanoke, Ind.—This invention relates to the construction of revolving road scrapers. MiteeBox.—John Pons, Baltimore, Md.—The object of this invention is to construct a cheap and convenient miter box, of such a nature that it can be gaged at anyangle without difficulty and in a moment of time. Machine foe Making Molds and Coees foe Castinos.—William Hainsworth, Sharpsville, Pa.—This invention consists in fastening the pattern in the flask in proper position, and then as the saad is filled in, raising both pattern and flask together to a considerable hiurht and dropping them upon a solid bed, so that the concussion produced by the fall may pack the sand closely and evenly in the flask in and around the#attern. Pea Piokee.—Abner Quinn, Wilmington, 8. C—The object of this inven tion is to provide for public use a cheap, simple, and effective machine, to be operated by hand or other power, by which pea nuts, or the pod3 of leguminous plants, can readily be ieparatedfrsra their vinei and thoroughly SUansed lorn dirt. 204 Fibe Kindler.—M. E. Ezell, Hatchechubbee, Ala.—The object of this invention is to provide for public use a simple, cheap, and convenient instrument by which a fire can be kindled in the stove, or a lamp or gasj et lighted at night without the necessity of [any one's rising from bedf or the purpose. By means of the same instrument the opening of a door or window may be caused to lishtthe fire, lamp, or gas, the apparatus thereby operating as a burglar alarm. Churn.—Manuel Witmer, Cedar Rapids, Iowa__This invention relates to improvements in churns, whereby it is designed to provide an improved arrangement of vibrating and swinging churns. Hinge.—Wm. Wells, Ashtabula, Ohio.—This invention relates to improvements in hinges the object of which is to provide a locking device for spring hinges whereby the door may be held open; also an improved construction of loose jointed hinge's. Compound por Preserving Hair.—A. L. Baker, Newark, N. J.—This invention relates to an improved compound for the hair, designed to preserve it and restore its growth in cases of baldness, which will be designated " Calla Cream." Corn Cultivator.—D. C. Stover, Lanark, 111.—This invention relates to improvements in the constructionof cultivators, the object of which is to make them more nseful than as at present arrranged, and it consists in an improved manner of constructing the sulky or carriage and connecting the plow beams to the same. Feeding Shoes por Grinding Mills.—John C. Andrew, Seventy-six, Ky. — This invention relates to improvements in feeding shoes for grinding mills, the object of which is toarrange them so that they will also serve, as sieves for separating chess, dirt, and other foul matter. It also consists in constructing the bottom of the shoe of any suitable reticulated substance through which the fine grains of foul matter may be separated from the good grain, and providing under the said bottom a spout for conveying it away. Stencil Plates.—J. L. and II. L. Tar box, New Torkcity.—This invention relates to improvements in stencil plates, designed to provide a simple and convenient arrangement whereby the stencil letters may be readily connected together for forming words, and be as readily disconnected for changing their combinations without the employment of frames for holding them when set up, as is now commonly practiced. Machine por Scraping and Loading Earth into Wagons.—Albert Ward, New Michigan, 111.—This invention consists in suspending scrapers from the frame of a wagon between the front and hind wheels, by an adjustable apparatus, whereby the front ends of the said scrapers may be let into the earth at any required dejjth, which gsrspers are provided at their rear ends with inclined tfffies, up which the earth is forced,and delivered to a carrier operated from the hind wheels of the wagon transversely of the said wagon, and which projects from one side thereof in an elevated position, Therebytheearthmaybedelivered to another wagon moving alongside the scraping apparatus. Blind Fastening.—Wm. J. Decker, Nyacfe, N. Y.—This invention relates to a new combined apparatus for holding blinds and shutters closed, open, or partly open, for locking them safely to the windowframe and sash and or setting the slats. The apparatus is of very simple construction, readily applied to old and new blinds and not liable to get out of order. Fishing Net.—F. A. Werdmuller, New York city—This invention relates to new apparatus for catching flsh, crabs, lobsters, and other animals in deep water, and consists of a rigid frame, which forms the upper edge of a shallow bag, and the outer support for a flat ring, both the bag and ring being woven in snitable material. When this net is let into the water, and Borne bait placed into it, it will form a secure trap for the animals entering it, as the same cannot escape except by direct upward motion, which is scarcely ever attempted, and which is made impossible when the net is being drawn up. Washing Machine.—H. B. Tibbits,Vineland, N. J.—This invention relates to a new machine f orwashing clothes; and it consists in the application of a rubber and box bottom of pecnliar form and construction, whereby when the requisite motion isimparted to the rubber, a combined rubbing and striking action is produced. The lower face of the rubber is V-shaped and corrugated or roughened. The bottom of the suds box is also V-shapod and roughened or corrugated. The rubber working on it will be drawn from one inclined face of the bottom to the other, and will rub the clothes as it travels on each face, striking or pounding them as it reaches the end of astroke. The invention also consists in providing a device for supporting the rubber above the box, to allow garments to be put in or removed from the box. Toy Ball Ejector.—E. S. Belton, New Orleans,. La.—This invention relates to an improved toy for amusement of children and others, and it consists of a cup or mortar, having a handle for holding the mouth of the cup upward, in which a piston is arranged for suddenly ejecting a ball from tHe cup into the air. Water Wheel.—D. Holdiman & S. Goodwin, Waterloo, Iowa.—The object of this invention is to provide an improved water wheel of the turbiae class. It consists of a horizontal wheel, having the buckets arranged to be acted upon by the direct action of the water, and also by the reaction of the same, having a contracted discharge tube to produce an effect by suction; and a series of adjustable gates arranged to act as expansible sheets to coHvey the water to the wheel; also an improved arrangement of means for,act nating the said gates. The buckets are so constructed as to discharge a portioaof the water sidewise toward the center of the same, and another portion downward through the bottom. Trituratino and Amalgamating Apparatus.—Leonard Wray, Eams-gate, England.—This invention of improved methods of, and apparatus for obtaining or separating metals from their ores, matrices, ilitaes, tailings, or other substances containing them, is applicable to those kinds of minerals, earths, clays, sands, gravels, or conglomerates which contain gold or silver in any form, shape, or combination, and which may or may not require to be pulverized, washed, concentrated, triturated, or amalgamated in order to facilitate the great object of separating and obtaining the precions metals existing in these substances by washing, as in the case of tin, and some other of the refractory minerals, such as auriferous and argentif erons pirites, sulphides, sulphurets," antimoniates, or other combinations containing gold or silver, or by direct amalgamation, as in the case of the precious metals. This improved apparatus for effecting these objects consists of a machine which has for its object to triturate the ore or substance containing the metal until it is reduced to an almost impalpable powder; and secondly, of a machine for washing the mineral matters, and for catching orjsecnring by,amalgamation the precious metals, even to those finest particles which, in ordinary processes, float away with the water, and are lost. Braid Beeis and Guides por Sewing Machines.—William Carpenter, Fairbury, HI.—The nature of my improvements relates to the application to sewing machines of a means for supplying braid to besewed- on to the cloth, and for guiding the same in a more perfect and satisfactory manner than can be done by the means now in use; and it consists in attaching to the frame of the machine a braid reel in a position above the work so as not to obstruct or be in the way of the same, and arranging it in combination with guides on abraid foot of peculiar construction, whereby a braid of any width may be easily and truly guided to the needle so as to be sewed to the cloth in the middle, or on either edge, as may be desired, and whereby the angles may be made much more perfect than by the means now in nse. FENCEs.-Joseph B. Tedrow, Chilllcothe, Ohio.-This inventionrelates to mprovements In fences, the object of which it is to render them cheaper of construction, more durable, and toarrange them so that they may be protected from floods when located in river bottoms subject to be overflowed. It consists in providing sectional posts, to be constructed partly or wholly of metal, and joining the sections, either by bringing them to-getherordrlving'the one into the socketed end of the other. They are also constructed sometimes wholly of metal, and in one piece. Soldering Apparatus.—Chas. Pratt, New York city, and Conrad Seimel, Greenpoint, N. Y.—This invention relates to an apparatus intended for holding sheet-metal vessels and cans which are to be soldered at their edges; the part of such apparatusholding the same being made adjustable, so that the canorvessel can be immersedin the solder to the requisite depth and be raised out, when soldered, in a straight line, thus preventing the unequal distribution of solder occasioned by careless handling. The invention consists chiefly in retaining the can or box to be soldered, in a proper position by means of a frame or float* which can be depressed and elevated at will, to allow of the can or box being uniformly immersed in and raised out of the solder to the extent required. Cultivator Plow.—William Looker, Graham, Mo.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved cultivator plow, simple in construction, effective in operation, and easily operated, each of the plows operating independently of the others. Car Axle.—E.T.Ligon,Demopolis, Ala.—This inventionhasf or its object to improve the construction of car axles, so as to make them stronger, less liable to break, and less liable to fail or part suddenly when injured, or when there may be a flaw in the metal. Stirrup Strap Loops.—A. B. Zellner, Monticello, Ark.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved stirrup-strap loop, which shall be so constructed and arranged, that, should the rider be thrown or fall from thehorse, the stirrup strap maybe disengaged from the Votfp, so as to guard against the person's being dragged by the foot, should it accidentally become caught in the stirrup. Hoeing Maohihe.—Horace C. Briggs, West Auburn, Me.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of the improved hoeing machine, patented by the same inventor, Nov. 17.1868, and numbered 84,165, so as to make it more convenient and effective in use. Skylight and Ventilator.—George Hayes, New York city.—This invention relates to a new and improved method of constructing and arranging skylfghts and ventilators on dwelling houses and other buildings; and it consists in securing the glass of the skylight.in a metallic frame without the use of putty or other equivalent material, and arranging it so that all leakage is avoided, and in the method of operating a series of skylights or ventilators, either in a cluster or range.