STOVE.—H. Stickney, Cleveland, Ohio.—This invention relates to improvements in magazine or base burning stoves, and consists in the combination with the same of a weight or follower to force the coal down and secure a uniform and reliable feeding of the same. It is well known that although these magazines are made larger at the bottom and gradually tapering to the top, yet where large lumps of coal, or bituminous coal of any size is used, they often fail to feed ; in the case of the large coal by reason of the pieces becoming cramped and wedged together, and in the case of the soft coal by reason of tbe fusing of the parts into a mass, under the action of the heat. It is the object of this invention to overcome this clogging and secure a uniform feed. PLOW.—Wm.B. West, Utica, Wis.—The object of this invention is to provide an improved rotary mold-board attachment for plows, as a substitute for a part of the common mold-hoards,whereby an anti-friction roller may be employed to receive the earth from the front part of the mold-baard. and turn it over more easily and without packing as the plows do as now constructed. WATEB WHEELS.—S. H.Barnes, Lanesboro, Pa.—This invention relates to improvements in water wheels designed to provide certain improvements in the gates calculated to facilitate the operation thereof, also the delivery of the water upon the buckets in a manner to have the best effect. FBUIT DETER.—K.H. SipesaudD. Defibaugh, Bloody Run, Pa.—The object of this invention is to provide a cheap and economical drying apparatus for fruit and other articles. The invention consists in a peculiar arrangement within a case of a heating furnace, radiating apparatus, and drying pans. IMPKOVED BEICK MACHINE.—Johu Whltcford, Pond City, Kansas.-This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine for molding brick and diatributing them through the yard. MowiiQ MACHINE.—Joel V. Strait, Litchfield, Ohio.—This invention has for its especial object to improve the construction of the gearing of mowing machines so that a faster or slower movement may be given to the cutters at the will of the operator, and which may also be applied with advantage to other gearing where a different rate of movement is sometimes required. KAILBOAD CHAiEANDCouPLiNGt.-Frederick Nicklin, Troy, N. Y.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, safe, and reliable chair for coupling the ends of railroad rails. FLOUE BOLT.—Wm. ?. Allen and William Stoddard, Winona, Minn.— This invention relates to the knockers, so-called, of the flour bolts of grist mills. SLACK BELT ATTACHMENT FOB COTTON GINS.—J. W. Howard, Greenville, ! Ala.—This invention has for its object to furnish an improved attachment for cotton gins, to be interposed between the pulley of the gin and the driving wheel to bring the belt together and into proper position before it passes to the pulley, and which shall, at the same time, be simple in construction, easily adjusted, and effective in use. COMBINED PLOW AOTJ HAEEOW.—Albert Moore and Friederick Wendell, Chillicothe, Ohio.—This invention has for its object to improve the construction of plows, so as to make them more convenient and effective in operation, enabling them to harrow the f urrowas it is turned, and enabling them to be adjusted to run deeper or shallower in the ground, even when at work. TOOL PCE SHAEPINQ HOESESHOES.—Butler, Dunham Wann, Marshall-town, Iowa.—This invention relates to the sharping of the calks of horseshoes. The invention cannot be here well described without the aid of an engraving. BOXOPENEE.—Henry C. Van Giesen,Paterson,N. J.—This [invention relates to a new and useful improvement in an instrument for opening wood- en boxes, as, for instance, dry-goods; boxes. WASHING MACHINE.—Wm. Leighty, Ebensburg, Pa.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in machines for washing clothes, and consists in the construction and general arrangement of parts. ROTATING CULTITATOE.—Theodor Uehling, Logan, Nebraska.—This invention consists in forming on a central eye and rotating on a central pivot a number of arms with cultivator teeth, eitherformed on or attached to their ends. PUMPING ENGINE.—Robert Allison, Port;Carbon, Pa.—This invention consists in so operating the valve gear of the engine, that the jar produced by concussion, which has heretofore proved so destructive to pumping engines, is avoided. PEAT MACHINE.—John S.Kelly, New York city.—This invention has for its object to furnish a simple, convenient, and effective machine for scarping, or scarifying condensing, and partially drying peat upon the bed and without removing ittherefrom, thereby enabling the peat to be prepared for market at trifling expense, by cutting the peat, compressing it, and forcing out the water from the porous, fibrous ; mass, while still in mass upon the peat bed. STEAM HHATING APPAKATU9.—John H. Clark and JohnB. Clark, Providence, R. I.—This invention relates to a new apparatus for heating houses of all kinds, and has for its object, first, and chiefly, economy in the use of fuel and in the first cost of the apparatus ; also t ? secure the most eflicient heating and radiating surface in a compact and cheap form, as well aa safety from accident. SUGAE-CANE PEESS.—William Aiken and William Bennett, Louisville Ky.—This invention relates to certain improvements in sugar-cane mills, and has for its object to simplify the construction of the whole apparatus, and especially to provide adjustable and good bearings for the rollers and facilities for lubricating and repairing the same. SEWING MACHINE.—J. H. Butterworth, Dover, N. J.—This invention re-lates'to certain new and useful improvements in the constr uction of sewing machines and their shuttles, aad has for its object to provide a simple means (\ f operating the shuttle, an adjustable and reliable tension apparatus for the needle thread, and a shuttle in which the thread cannot break or become spoiled when drawn from one end of the bobbin. SLIDEVALTE.—John F.Allen,Tremont,N. Y.—This invention relates to a new equilibrium slide valve, which is so arranged that it forms four openings for the steam inlet, those on top conducting the steam through the body of the valve. The invention consists in the application of a flat valve, ?vhich is vertically perforated through the middle, and which rests on an elevated plane of the steam chest, and under a grooved or recessed cap, so as to admit steam at both ends both from top and bottom. CUT-OFF NOZZLE FOB CANS.-John McLeod Murphy, New York city.— This invention consists oi the application to the vertical nozzles commonly applied to the cans at the top, and provided with screw caps, which are removed both for filling and pouring the contents out of a laterally pro jecting tube or spout, arranged to rotate on the said nozzle to be brought into coincidence withaholeinthe side thereof for pouring the contents out through the said spout, or for turning it away and closing the said hole by a ring encircling the nozzle, and to which the spout is connected, the the same being arranged to operate without removing the screw cap, and especially adapted for pouring irom the cans when inclosed in packing cases of wood, a slot being made in the side of the case below the cover, from which the spout may project when coincident with the hole in the nozzle MILKING APPAEATUS.—Eugene Spedden, Astoria, Oregon.—This inven. tion consists in the attachment to the milking pail by a flexible tube of a funnel provided with flexible wristlets or straps for buckling around the wrists for holding the funnel close up to the udder to receive the milk and ensure the delivery in the pail. PNEUMATIC PUMP.—J. A. Bailey, Detroit, Mich.—This invention relates to improvements in pumps, Buch as are actuated by the force of compressed air, and adapted more particularly for use in mining shafts, the object of which is to dispense with the employment of connecting rods of great length or other connecting mechanism, such as has been heretofore necessary to apply the power from the surface of the earth to the pumps located in deep shafts, also to facilitate the location of the pumps in any part of the shaft without reference to the conditions required when connecting rods are used, with respect to the placing and securing the said connecting rods. WEATHEK STRIP.—David H. Horner, Battle Ground, Ind.—This invention consists in an improved arrangements of suspending bracket arm-spring devices in combination with a hinged strip for closing it down over the door sill when tho door is shut, andforraismg it up to pass over the sill when the door is opened. CANAL TUGS.—Stephen R. Kirby, New York city.—This invention relates, in part, to that class of tugs used in drawing canal boats, and, in part, to tugs for general traction purposes, and the first part of the invention is applicable only to tugs that have stern or central wellS,in which the propeller wheels are placed. SNAP CATCH POE BEBBcn-iOADiNG FIEE-AEMS.—Wm. Golcher.St. Paul, Minn.—The object of this invention is to provide a simple, convenient, and effective means for fastening down the breech of guns of the class above named, it being so constructed, that it occupies but little space, is cheap, easily applied and operated, and not liable to break or get out of order. CAN OPENBE.—Wm. M. Bleakley, Verplank, N.Y.—This invention relates to a new implement for opening sheet metal cans, and is arranged to cut out larger or smaller pieces, as maybe desired. The invention will, in a short time, be illustrated and fully described in the Scientific American. AppAEATUS FOE CUTTING AND DEESSIKG MILLSTONES.—Johu Hine,Cock-ermouth, England.—This invention relates to a new apparatus for facilitating the cutting or dressing of millstones by means of diamonds, or other hard stones orcutters,and consists in a novel arrangement and combination of parts for producing an adjustable and effective apparatus. SPEING EYE GLASSES. — Louis Black, Detroit, Mich.— This invention consists in connecting the springs to the projections, by means of clamps, either pivoted to the said projections, and provided with eccentric clamping pawls,or with rivets,arranged to be tightened by wedging against wedge-shaped projections, widest at the outer ends, toward which the clamps, when connected around the narrower parts, are drawn, the ends of the springs, in all cases, being placed between the projections and the clamps, and provided with locking devices to prevent sliding out between the clamps and projections. WATEB WHEEL.—J. J. Kimball, Naperville. 111.—The object of this invention is to provide an Improved construction of water wheels, calculated to utilize the power of the water to a greater extent than is done by the wheels now In use, and, also, for more ready and economical application of the said wheels to the flume or pen stocks. FEUIT DETEH.—J. Harvey, Martinsville, Ind.—This invention consists In an arrangement, in a rectangular-shaped sheet-metal case, of heating flues and ventilating passages, also, fruit-holding shelves. SAW FILING MACHINE.-Henry C. Bell, Emporia, Kansas.—This inven-, tion relates to improvements in saw filing apparatus,whereby it is designed to provide a simple, portable machine, which maybe readily attached to any saw for filing the same. MUSICAL PANOEAMA.—Franz FriederichKullrich, Berlin, Prussia.-This invention relates to a new combination with a music box, of an apparatus for displaying, through a suitable opening, a series of pictures in succession so that, whenever the music is played, the panorama will be in motion. WATEEWHEEL.—Jose Tort, Mexico, Mexico.—This invention relates to mprovements in water wheels, having for its object to utilize both the direct and reacting forces of the water. WATEE WHEEL.—A. J. Jack and D. E. Brand, Des Moines, Iowa.—This invention comprises an arrangement of buckets, whereby they serve the function of gates also, thereby dispensing with the cost of the same. It also comprises a peculiar form of the buckets whereby better results are attained, and, also, an arrangement of operating devices for working the buckets to open or close them whether the wheel is running or not. CLOTHES-DBTING FBAME.—J. C. Longshore, Mansfield, Ohio.—This invention consists in an arrangement of parallel extensible and contractible frames of '"lazytongs" construction, united by transverse bars,and provided with supports capable of supporting the same whsn extended horizontally or vertically. ?VATISE-DR?WING APPAEATUS.—L. Taylor, Jordan, Wis., and J. C.Richardson, Prairie du Chien, Wis.—This invention relates to improvements in apparatus for drawing water in buckets from springs or wells situated at long distances from where the water is to be delivered. The object of the invention is to provide simple and efficient apparatus, to be automatically operated by the turning of a crank to draw the water, convey it to the place for delivery, and to deliver it. STRAW CuTTEE.—Wilson Elder, Mill Hall, Pa.—This invention relates to improvements in straw cutters, whereby it is designed to provide more du rableand efficient cutters of that class, in which a vibrating knife is worked by hand, than now in use. The invention has reference mainly to the ar-rangment of the fulcrum pin to prevent the nut from working loose, and the bearings around the fulcrum, whereby the cutter lever and cutter are maintained snugly against the metallic end plate of the box upon the bottom part of which the straw is cut. ANOIALTEAP.—Joel Manchester, New York city.—This invention relates to new and useful improvements in traps for killing or destroying noxious animals. PIPE COUPLING.—Levi Abbott, Lewiston, Me.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in the mode of coupling pipes of led, rubber, other material. LAMP FILLEE.—Henry W. Staples, Saco, Me.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in vessels for filling lamps, and consists in au air tube attached thereto. STABLE HOESE TIE.-E. D. Cramer, Hackettstown, N. J.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in a safety device for hitching horses in stables and in other places. COMBINATION BBAN STOCK BIT.—J. S. Zerbe, Delaware, Ohio.—This invention relates to a new and useful improvement in arranging bitts, and othertools and implements, for boring and performing other operations in wood and metal. CLOTHES-LINE HOLDER.—Albert Cooper, Harrlsburgh, Pa.—This invention relates to a new and useful device for holding clothes lines, and consists in arranging two circular disk wheels on a center piece, and pressing the line between two rigid surfaces, and thereby holding it by means ot double reversed inclined planes on the face of the disks. SOUND AND STEAIN DIMINISHING MACHINE.—Frederick Kohler and A. J. Alsing, New York city.—This invention has for its object to provide a simple mechanism for preventing the noise produced by machinery, or by the splitting of wood, chopping of meat, and other pounding devices, as well as for reducing the strain produced by the striking or pounding process. SAW.—Hermann Cramer, Sonora, Cal.—This invention relates to a new manner of constructing the blade and handle ot a hand saw, so that the same may be employed as a square bevel gage compass and measure as well as for sawing purposes, and also as a spirit level and plumb. BoAT-DETACHiNG AppAEATUS.—Daniel S. Brown, Astoria, Oregon.—This invention relates to a new device for facilitating the instantaneous detachment ot boats from their davits, and consists in such a new combination ? f retaining jaws, with rods, levers, and catch, that the simultaneous detachment of both ends will be certain, and accidents on account of improper operation impossible. DEVICE FOE PBOPELLING VESSELS.—G. A. Milani, Frankfort, Ind.—This invention relates to a new mechanism for propelling small boats, fiat boats, and other small vessels, and consists in the general arrangement of machinery, connected with an oscillating lever, that is worked by persons seated upon its ends. The motion imparted to the lever by the see-sawing process is transmitted to a pair of shafts which are geared together with the paddle wheel shafts.
This article was originally published with the title "Recent American and Foreign patents"