Pertaining to Apparel. SUNSHADE.—R. F. BICKEETON, 924 New York Avenue, Washington, D. C. This shade is designed for use in shielding the wearer from the sun at ball games and other athletic sports, fishing and the like ; and the object is to provide a shade easily applicable to an ordinary hat and can be adjusted to any desired position around the hat in order to properly protect the wearer from the sun. SKIRT MARKING DEVICE.—F. B. DAVENPORT, 33 Welles Building, Wilkes-Barrc, Pa. The intention in this case is to provide a device arranged to permit convenient marking of a skirt along the lower end, with a view to obtain an accurate bottom line a desired distance above the floor, and to permit of observing, after the skirt is finished, whether the bottom edge is the desired distance from the floor. Electrical Devices. PARTY LINE TELEPHONE SYSTEM.—EDWARD STOUT and JOSEPH S. KUPKA, Stockfort, Iowa. In this case the more particular purpose is to produce a reliable system in which the number of telephones may be considerable and in which the selectivity of the particular station or stations to be called is rendered comparatively certain. Provision is made for calling one or any larger number of subscribers, to the exclusion of all other subscribers upon the line. The system further compre- PAETY LINE TELEPHONE SYSTEM. hends means whereby a single station may call up simultaneously all other stations on the line. It also relates to lock-out mechanism, whereby when any two or more stations are connected up for talking, all other stations arc excluded and are unable to interfere with business being transacted over the line. The engraving shows the electrically-operated contact mechanism forming part of the switch and controlling various circuits. TRANSFORMER SYSTEM.—H. C. CALDWELL, Fort Michie, New London, Conn. This invention relates to transformer systems, the more particular purpose being to provide such a system in which a peculiar advantage is taken of the fact that time is required for the magnetic field to flow, under the influence of variations in the exciting electric current. Of Interest to Farmers. SHOCK LOADER.—G. H. TAEVIN, care of A. Arrowsmith, L. B. 194, Sisseton, S. D. This invention relates to a loader adapted to run along the field and pick up a shock of hay or grain and deposit it in the wagon rack carried therewith. It provides a device with a fork adapted to scoop a bundle of grain or a pile of hay off the ground, and an auxiliary swinging fork adapted to remove the material from the fork and deposit it in a rack. CORN PLANTER.^M. H. BIED, Sanders-ville, Ga. The main object here is to provide means for feeding the corn at stated intervals. To this end a hopper is arranged having a sliding feed mechanism adapted to be operated by a colter wheel. The hopper and feed mechanism are loosely connected to the main frame so that when an obstruction is met, the feed mechanism may rise to pass over it, automatically settling again into the furrow when the obstruction is passed. Of General Interest. ROOF FRAMING SQUARE.—H. H. CEISS, P. O. Box 603, Globe, Ariz. This invention is an improvement in roof framing squares, and the object of the inventor is to provide a simple device by means of which rafters of all kinds may be laid off with absolute correctness, and without the necessity of any calculation upon the part of the user. FACIAL MASSAGE APPARATUS.—G. C. BECK, 51 Highland Avenue, Minneapolis, Minn. This apparatus is for use in applying hot water to the face, and is an improved substitute foj hot-towels commonly used for facial treatment. It includes a water pan or open-top receptacle having attachments for in- December 2, 1911 SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN 503 flow and outflow of hot water, and a device adapted to be held in the mouth for supplying air to support respiration while the face is held immersed in the water in the pan. TROUGH FOR FISH HATCHERIES.— FRANK PAEEY, 19 Beatrice Street, Toronto, Canada. The engraving herewith shows a vertical section of a hatchery trough constructed and arranged in accordance with the present invention, which has for its principal objects the provision of means for subjecting the “fry” while in the trough to the action TEOUGH FOE FISH HATCHERIES. of flowing water, while preventing the same from passing through the trough; the provision of means for causing the water in the incubation trough to flow upward therefrom to lift the “fry” ; and the provision of means for mechanically altering the direction of the current flow in the trough. . ATTACHMENT FOR HYPODERMIC SYRINGES.—JOSEPH MCCANN. 1087 Denison Avenue, Columbus, O. In this invention the improvement is in syringes in which the needle is inclosed and protected by a cap that is detachably connected with the body or barrel of the instrument. The attachment is shown in the engraving in connection with the syringe. It comprises the detachable needle-cap, a case containing extra needles and wires for cleaning them, and a safety-pin, for fastening, these parts being connected by chains, so that the case, cap, and syringe proper in which the cap is applied when the needle is not required for use, may be all suspended from the clothing of the physician or nurse and thus may be available for instant use. RESPIRATOR.—W. I. COCKE, Port Washington, L. I., New York. This invention comprehends a mask to be applied to the wearer's face and held in position by a strap or the like, a flexible tube connecting the mask with tlie outer atmosphere through the medium of fin inlet valve; the mask being further provided with an outlet valve for discharging the air as the same is breathed. PHOTOGRAPHIC MAGAZINE CAMERA.— R. GOLDSTEIN, 330 East 120th Street, New York, N. Y. This camera is arranged for daylight loading and for quickly and successively discharging the exposed sensitized plates from the camera into a tank filled with a developing fluid, and for preventing the plates from being light struck while in the camera or while being transferred from the camera to the tank. NON-REFILLABLE BOTTLE.—STEVE O. STANICH, 501 East Eighth Street, Anaconda, Mont. This invention provides a bottle having a neck of the shape shown in the engraving. Fitting tightly in the neck a closure has an opening for the reception of a cork, this opening communicating with the interior of the bottle by means of a passage having three valve seats. A by-pass communicates at its top with the upper portion of the passage, but is normally cut off from the lower portion of the passage by means of a thin glass plate. Above the valve seat at the top of the passage is a valve while in the upper portion of the by-pass is a ball connected to the valve by means of a thin glass strip. These novel means permit the outflow of the liquid, but will prevent introducing a liquid into the bottle. Hardware and Tools. HASP FASTENER.—A. H. BEOWNE, R. P, D., No. 6, Lebanon, O. This fastener is for use on hinged and sliding doors. In the engraving it will be seen that during the operation of bringing down the lever the drawer is drawn tightly against the frame and at the same time securely locked. The door is thus not only secured, but a weather-proof joint is formed between it and the frame, so that it cannot be rattled by the wind and the entrance of moisture is effectually prevented. It may be made in rights or lefts, for the application of the right side or left of a door frame. It is particularly applicable to doors of tobacco barns, and similar buildings requiring ventilation, since by employing different keepers the door may be held open more or less and yet securely ^ PAPER HOLDER FOR SCALES.—L. E. ZIMMEBMAN, 605 N. 5th Street, Pekin, 111. An object here is to provide an attachment to hold a paper covering upon the scale plate, thereby keeping the plate clean and in a sanitary condition. The attachment holds the paper firmly in position and yet is out of way of the article so that the latter can be placed on the plate in the usual manner. SPRING HAMMER.—J. H. PHILLIPS, eare of T. B. Anderson Construction Co., %a Main Street, Oklahoma, Okla. This portable hammer is for shop or field work, and is adapted to be used in various operations, such as riveting, punching, calking, shearing, spike driving, stone, brick and concrete drilling, etc. This automatic trip hammer receives its motive force from a compressible spring, the latter having means thereon whereby the tension may be adjusted. MARKING TOOL.—JOSEPH A. WieKES, 54 Broadway, East Somerville, Mass. The' marking tool illustrated herewith represents an invention, which has in view to provide a tool with marking faces having corresponding oppositely extended distinguishing features; and to provide in a marking tool a plurality of hammer heads bearing distinguishing marks identifying the character being printed. It is adapted for punch or print markers wherein cutting dies are employed to be driven or struck into the surface of the material. It, however, may be adapted for marking with soft rubber type and this without requiring inventive genius or act. NUT LOCK.—H. T. EAELES, Mount Morris, Pa. This invention relates to nut locks, more particularly to the “nut carried pawl” type, and has for an object to provide a device of this class for removably securing a nut to a bolt to prevent the nut from being released from the bolt by any vibration or the like. For this purpose use is made of a nut having a pawl thereon, a swaged pin for movably securing the pawl, and a bolt provided with grooves adapted to removably receive an end of the pawl to secure the nut to the bolt. The illustration gives a view looking at the end of the bolt and showing the nut lock secured thereto. PAPER CUTTER.—M. FAUSSONE, P. O. BOX 405, Ouray, Colo. This invention is an improvement in paper cutters and especially in that class of cutters wherein the paper is supported in the form of a roll and is drawn from the roll as used and is cut off In the desired lengths. Means provide “for securing a clean cut in tearing the paper off along the blade. LOCK.—M. G. JADEONJA, 1149 First Avenue, New York, N. Y. This invention has for its purpose the provision of a lock whereby the bolt will be released and assume an unlocked position when a key is inserted in the lock in the usual manner to operate the same. Besides being secured to the side of a door the lock can be employed in any convenient manner such as a mortise lock or the like. KEY RING.—CHABLES SCHUMACHER, 715 First Avenue, N. S., Pittsburgh, Pa. Among the principal objects which the present invention has in view are : to provide a ring having arms frictionally held to form a ring; to provide a pivot eyelet for attachment to a chain; and to provide a device of the construction set forth with a plurality of advertising plates, two of which are covered during the major .portion of the time. The device is illustrated herewith and it shows a side view of a ring in open position. The solid plates at the toj are employed as a means for advertising arti -cles and for imprinting thereon the name ant address or other information relative to th< owner to serve as a partial identifying article The inventor invites correspondence in refer ence to the sale of this improvement. Heating and Lighting. LAMP ATTACHMENT.—H. LEHMANN, 914 Washington Street, Waco, Tex. This inven tion has reference to lamp attachments, anc the object is to provide a device for use ii preventing lamp explosions, to serve as a means for heating liquids over a lamp and tc prevent the cracking and breaking of lamj chimneys. Household Utilities. AUTOMATIC DISINFECTING DEVICE.— T. F. HAHESY, 78 Maverick Street, Chelsea, Mass. The present invention has reference to an automatic liquid disinfecting device, which is adapted to be attached to the flushing tank of a water closet, whereby a certain amount of disinfectant may be supplied to the water in the tank each time the tank is operated. machines and Mechanical Devices. WASHING MACHINE.—E. KOHAN, Port Ewen, N. Y. This apparatus will wash clothing without rubbing, whether mechanically or by hand. It cleanses simply by the physical action of running water and air, the water carrying a proper amount of • dissolved soap, and it cleanses gently, but thoroughly, without the wear and tear usually met with when clothing or the like is washed by hand or laun-dried by machines. SAFETY GATE FOR ELEVATORS.—H. L. BBAYTON, 225 South Howell Street, Owosso, Mich. This improvement relates to means for opening and closing elevator gates automatically by the movement of the elevator cage or car, and the aim is to provide a mechanism which will be located entirely in the elevator shaft, readily accessible in all its parts, and which will not require any counter-weights. CALF WHEEL REEL.—T. A. BEECHEB, Taft, Cal. In this patent the invention has reference to artesian and oil wells, and has for its object to provide a wheel and shaft for use in raising and lowering casings into drilling wells, and, as known among those skilled in the art of well drilling, a further object is to keep the casing loose. COMBINED BULL WHEEL, TUG WHEEL, AND MOUNTING REEL THEREFOR.—I. A. BEECHEB, Taft, Cal. This invention provides a construction to withstand shocks to which structures of this character are subjected; provides to facilitate a division of the reel for winding the cable whereby a plurality of cables may be employed ; provides a structure evenly and firmly keyed to the supporting shaft to distribute torsional strains of the structure, and provides means for readily truing the bearing of the structure on the shaft and to eliminate vibration from the structure. i MEANS FOR TEACHING AVIATION AND : TESTING AEROPLANES— W. F. MANGELS, I Coney Island, New York, N. Y. A means is provided in this invention to enable a person to acquire with the utmost safety all the nec-. essary skill and confidence required for a flight in the open air with an aeroplane or other flying machine, and to allow aviators to fully test the motors and other parts with safety . to themselves and the aeroplane. ; REVOLVING PLANE.—J. HAYTON, BOX 358, i Salt Lake City, Utah. This invention has reference to revolving planes for flying machines, to take the place of the stationary i planes now used therein. An object is the provision of a device which will be simple in construction, inexpensive to manufacture, strong, durable, easily controlled, and having a great supporting eQciency. Pertaining to Recreation. CUE RACK.^M. R. BASS and W. A. ALEX-ANDEB, 2 Oneida Street, Boston, Mass. This rack is so constructed as to provide for imparting longitudinal compression to the cue while in the rack, for repairing the tips of the cues, and at the same time to so support the cues while under the compression action, as to prevent lateral movement of the cues. The rack can safely hold the cues when inserted therein, and prevent their withdrawal without the consent of the user or owner of the cues. GAME APPARATUS.—J. V. B. RAPP, 507 Fifth Avenue, Brooklyn, New York, N. Y. In this game use is made of a field having the home plate and bases marked thereon, indications of plays adjacent the home plate and bases, and a revoluble spinner or pointer pivoted to the center of the field and having four points adapted to indicate on the said indications on the home plate and bases. REEL.—H. HALL, Paonia, Colo. This invention relates generally to reels adapted to be applied to fishing rods, such as is the subject-matter of the patent No. 977,732 formerly granted to Mr. Hall, and more particularly it relates to a reel having gearing therein cooperating with the reel proper and the handle, Whereby successive turning of the handle in opposite directions will cause the line to wind up in the reel. Railways and Their Accessories. METALLIC RAILWAY TIB.—J. N. KEM-MEBEBJ Loganton, Clinton Co., Pa. In the present patent the object of the inventor is ty provide a metallic tie which shall combine maximum strength rigidity, and lightness, and may be manufactured at a “low cost, may he easily placed in and removed from the roadbed, and will support rails firmly without danger of moving endwise. Pertaining to Vehicles. RESILIENT WHEEL.—F. MOBBIS, 2912 Farnam Street, Omaha, Neb. This improvement pertains to resilient vehicle wheels or combined cushion and pneumatic tire wheels. An object of the invention is to provide a wheel which will have the same resiliency as an ordinary pneumatic tire wheel, but which is so constructed that the pneumatic tire does not come in contact with the ground and is thereby protected against puncture. TIRE FOR WHEELS.—FRANK GALLAGHEB, Route 2, Canton, Minn. In this patent the invention has reference to tires for wheels, and it has for its object the provision of a tire which may be readily adjusted to a wheel, the tire being provided with springs as shown in the engraving, which hold the tread of the tire yieldingly extended from the felly of the wheel. The tire is made in sections which are bolted together around the felly of the wheel. The “ number of springs in each tire may be regulated with reference to the use to which the tire is to be put. The illustration pictures the tire in longatudinal section. NOTE.—Copies of any of these patents will be furnished by the SCIENTIFIC AMERICAN for ten cents each. Please state the name of the patentee, title of the invention, and date of this paper.