It may be known to many of our readers that the coal of England occurs chiefly in the north and western portions of the island, and south and south-eastern portions have hitherto been supposed to be quite barren of this fuel. It has always been supposed that there is no coal within eighty miles of London, where the average price is $5 per tun, and the groat East and West India mail steamship station of Southampton, is a long distance from coal. This idea seems likely to be dispelled by some facts communicated to the Koyal Society by R. Godwin-Austin, who has shown that in all probability there is coal under the strata called the "London Basin." Should this be the case, it will greatly increase the steamship trade of the south of England, and be the greatest boon to the inhabitants of the largest city in the world.