Apart from the advantages of bathing in salt water, the inhalation of sea air has a salubrious and beneficial effect, which is most apparent upon those who resort to the coast from towns or from inland districts. It has been shown by Prof. Faraday and other chemists that oxygen in the particular condition known under the name of " ozone," exists in large proportion in sea air. Though air impregnated with the saline of the sea is found too strong for some persons, in the great majority of cases an occasional visit to the coast is a capital restorative of vital power to those S whose nerves are exhausted by long sojourn ) in inland towns. Patent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING JULY 6, 1858. ^Reported officially for the Scientifio American."} MACHINB POE CtTTTTNa CORKS—Robert P. Aberne-they, (assigned to Union Cork Manufacturing Co.,) of Cincinnati, Ohio: I claim, first. In this connection, the automatic feed rest, d e f g, substantially as set forth. Second, Imparting to the mandrels of a cork-cutting machine a compound rotary and vibratory movement, by means and for the purposes substantially aa set forth. MACHINE FOE CUTTING COEKS—Robert P. Aberne-they and Mahlon M. Wombaugh, of Cincinnati, Ohio : We claim, first, The rotary cutter head, having alternate blades and spaces, in combination with the automatic mandrela, to admit of the removal of the finished oork, and clamping the fresh blank without removing either cutter or mandrels, to admit of the removal of the finished cork, and clamping the fresh blank without removing either cutter or mandrel. Second, In combination with the intermittent cutting disk and mandrels, substantially as described, we claim the described arrangement of half wheel cam movement and the accessories, for the purposes set forth. Third, We claim in this connection the feed apparatus, consisting of the hopper, notched piston and cam movement, with their accessories, substantially aa described. Fourth, In the described connection with the feed piston and mandrels, we claim the spring pressure plate or finger, oporated substantially as and for the purpose set forth. Fifth, In the described combination with the feed piston and mandrels, we claim the discharging spring or atrip, substantially as set forth. MACHINES POE RAKING AND LOADING HAT—John B. Benton, J. F. Behn, and Gottlob Bastiaa, of BufEalo, N. Y. : We do not claim the rake. Neither do we claim the securing of the shaft to the wagon wheels, nor the forks being attached to the shaft, aa broadly considered. But we claim the combination of the bands, o, plate, d, and forka, n, the whole being constructed and arranged for operating conjointly as and for the purposes set forth. SEWING MACHINES—Robert M. Berry, of New York City: I claim lifting the feed slide, b, from the cloth, n8 described, by the double trip lever, f, the trip slide, h, and the trip spur, g, or their equivalents, operated and operating substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth. MACHINES POE GATHERING STOMEB—G. W. Bishup, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I claim the box, A, provided with the inclined plane, D, and used in connection with the reciprocating scraper, F, and spring guides, G G, or their equivalents, the whole being arranged to operate aa ad for the purpose set forth. [A description of this invention will be given next week.] SEWING MACHINES—Lyrnan Tt. Blake, of South Abing-ton, Mass. : I claim the arrangement of the rest, b, of asewingmechanism, or combining it with an auxiliary arm, p, of such form aa to be capable of entering a shoe ana introducing the rest, b, into the toe, as well aa other parts of the interior of the shoe, in order that an outer sole may be stitched or sewed upon the inner sole and upper of a shoe. I also claim arranging either tho thread passage or looper, or both, within, or so as to operate with the auxiliary arm, substantially as described. BEBECU-LOADING PIKBABM—Enoch Brooks and George Walker, of Philadelphia, Pa. : We do not claim the faucet-like construction and manner of applying the movable breech. But we claim, first, The attachment of the hammer to an arm, I, having a, curved back, to which the main spring, k, ia applied, to operate in the manner substantially as described. Second, The arrangement of the cocking lever, J, the sere, O, and trigger, r, as applied in combination with the main sprjng, R, and hammer arm, I, substantially as set forth. Third, Combining the cocking lever, J, with the breech, by means of a slider, S, rod, v, and wrist pin, u, applied as described, to cock the lock by the movement given to the breech to permit the loading. [This invention consists in a novel construction of the lock, for the purpose of enabling tM|tammer to be cocked by the movement of a brejKof faucet-like construction. It also consists m ceffg/f means of cocking the hammer by the ai'oresaiijJjppTveinent. And it further consists in a eertain ajjpjement in the lock ef a feeding dog for feeding rfJnbbon priming to the vent.] RAILROAD CAR SEATS ANT— BERTHS—ZRHHS Cobb, of Chicago. HI.: First, I claim arranging the lower portions, A', and hinged backs, A2, of the seats. A, on the rail and ledges, C E, so as to either enable them to be used as a double sleeping couch, or as a seat, in the manner described. Second, I also claim the arrangement of the cushioned frames or platforms, F, above the peats. A, and jointing them to the uprights of the partitions, D. and sides of the car, and providing them with lugs, H. and the sides of the car and the movable bar with swinging hooks or lugs, I, for forming the upper double berth when desired, as described. [A notice of thia improvement will be given next week.] STOPPER FOR BOTTLES—Munson C. Cronk. of Auburn, N. Y. : I claim attaching to the necks of bottles and within a tapering space, B, a tapering or flaring tube, A, having a concentric cylindrical tube, E, cast or securing around the same with a cap, G, screwed on its top, and an outlet tube. F, atttached to its sides in the manner and for the purpose described. [The nature of thia invention consists in enlarging the mouth of the neck of the botHe, and attaching thereto a metallic tube of the 'form of a frustrum of a cone, having a cylindrical - tube cast concentrically around its upper portion, on /which is screwed a cap, in such a manner as to enable a part or the whole of the effervescent liquid in the bottle to escape from a tube in the side of the cylindrical tube, by partially unscrewing the cap, or the liquid to be closely confined in the bottle, by screwing the cap upon the tube, and pressing the packing on its under surface, upon the upper edge of the inner tapering tube.] S METHOD OF ATTACHING LAMPS TO LANTERNS—John — Fleming of Pittsburgh, Pa. : I claim the combination J of the spring, D, with the clips, E E, and the ring, F, fa for the purpose of effecting the attachment and detacher ment at the lamp of a lantern, all substantially in the A manner described and shown. BORING MACHINE—L. A. Dole, of Salem, Ohio: I claim, first. The combination of two drill stocks, F F, by means of an internally geared driving wheel, G, and a small pinion, H, so that a slow or fast speed drill or auger may be used at pleasure, as the necessity of the case may require, in the same machine, and by the turning of one and the same crank, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, Effecting the combination of both of said drill stocks. F F, with the feeding rack bar, I, and the two segment levers, K, by means of a flange, g, on the rear end of the rack bar, and collars, h h, on the drill stocks, F F1, so that both shall be fed up together, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [A full description of this invention will be given next week,] MACHINE FOR UPSETTING CARRIAGE AXLES—Zina Doolittle, of Perry, Ga, : I claim first, the arrangement of the center bar or anvil, A L, pivoted jaws, B B, and eccentric levers, D D, in the relation to one another shown, for the purposes set forth. Second, The combination with the above of eccentric clutches, F F, dies, G G, springs, H H, and slides, 11, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [A notice of thia improvement will be given next week. ] CORN PLANTERS—Warren Drummond, of Wood-bridge, N. J. : I claim the particular manner described of arranging and combining for united use only the two dropping slides, D D, double-acting cut-off plate, E e e ff, double crank axle, H g g, covering rollers, II H, combined brace and scraper, I, adjustable furrow-opening and closing tubes or shares, K L, and secondary hopner, C C, for the purpose set forth. [This machine is designed for planting two rows of corn at a time. It employs two hoppers, two adjustable tubes, with covering shares attached, and two covering rollers, which are furnished with scrapers, so that all dirt shall be scraped from their periphery. The dropping of the corn is regulated by a double-acting cut-off. The arrangement, as a whole, is very compact and simple, and doubtless is well adapted for planting corn.] STEAM ENGINES—John Ericsson, of New York City: I claim the arrangement of the two cylinders in such manner that their base or bottom ranges with a plane which passes through the axis of the propeller shaft, or nearly so, in combination with a system of rock shafts, crank levers, and connecting rods, so proportioned, applied and arranged that the use of a driving crank on the propeller shaft, of greater length than half the siroke uf the piston, is permitted, and that the connecting rods will operate nearly at right angles to each other, and will be in line with each other at the termination of each stroke of either piston, substantially as set ibrtli. [A notice of this invention will be given next week.] PUMP—Gilbert B. Farnam, of Meriden, Conn. : I claim the use of the thimble, E2, cap, D', guide rod, m% having a re-acting spring, N, attached to its upper end, and confined within the air-tight thimble, in combination with the valve, L', and elastic diaphragm, O, for the purpose of lifting and dropping said valve squarely from and to its seat, and at the same time protecting the guide rod and re-acting spring attached thereto, from the rust of the liquids acted upon by the pump. MILLS FOR CUTTING, CRUSHING, AND EXPRESSING THE JUICE FROM SUGAR CANE—John J. Fearrington, of Plttsborough,N. C. : I claim, in combination with the cutter, C, and the pressing rollers, F G, the guiding trunk, H, and dividing board, I, the whole being arranged for cutting, conducting to the pressers, pressing and separating the spent cane from the juices, as described and represented. REGISTERING ATTACHMENT FOR CLOCKS—Stanislas Fournier, of New Orleans, La. : First, I claim, in combination with the clock, the wheel, C, by which I give motion to the wheel, D, that moves the rack, F. for a portion of the twenty-four hours ; this I claim when either using the wheel, D, and the rack, F, as set forth, or any other analogous mode by which the apparatus can be made to register substantially the same, as regards the time specified. Second, T claim the carriage, K, in combination with the rack, F, when the action of the clock, through the use of the rack, or its equivalent, gives motion to the carriage, and holds the index bar, M, over the card, ready to have the time indicated, as already set forth, and for the purpose specified. PUMPS—A. A. Genung. of Painesville, Ohio : I claim forming the plunger rod in two separate and distinct parts, and constructing said parts with the barba. D' andD", and raised surface, E\ also the form and location of the guides, I' J' and K", as specified, or their equivalents, by which said arrangement of parts, in combination with the motion of the wind wheel, I am enabled to apply the connecting and disconnecting principle to the plunger, for the purposes set forth. FAUCETS—Henry Getty, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : T do not claim supplying air to the cask or barrel through the cock. Neither do I claim a self-closing or valve faucet. And I do not claim a drip hole to allow water, leaking through at the valve stem or piston rod, to run away at the discharging orifice. But I claim, first, The cylinders, g and h, and slots, 3 and 4, in combination with the arm, i, on the valve Btem, p, and the inclines, 6 6, substantially as and for the purposes specified. Second, I claim the suction pipe, k, between the point of leakage or overflow at the spindle rod or valve stem and the delivery pipe, when said pipe, K, is in such a position to the discharging liquid that the rush of said liquid past its end shall augment the speed of the li-nuid in said pipe, and draw away any leakage as specified. Third, I claim the air tube, 1. of thin sheet metal, or equivalent material, inserted into the shell nf the faucet, substantially as and for the purposes specified. And in combination with said tube, 1, I claim the self-acting air valve, o, on the cock, substantially as and for the purposes specified. MACHINE FOR TURNING THK HEADS AND FOR NICK-TNG SCREWS—Ira Griggs, (assignor to the Utica Screw Manufacturing Co..) of Utica. N. Y. : I claim, first. The arrangement of a series of rotating blank holders in bearing*, at equal distances apart, in and at equal distances from the center of a stock, which has an intermittent rotary motion, for the purpose of presenting each of the series in succession to the feed apparatus, to the cutter for turning the heads to the saw, for cutting the notches, and to a cutter for finishing the heads after the notches have been cut, substantially aa described. Second. The relative arrangement of the driving shaft, the blank holders, and their rotating stock, the turning cutters, and the saw for cutting the notches, substantially as described, whereby, when the blank holders severally arrive opposite the saw, tho driving belt which gives them the rotary motion on their axis to effect the turning, is inoperative upon them. Third, The series of movable rests, s t v, applied and operating substantially as described, tn support the screw blanks, and hold them steady during the operation of the cutters and saw. Fourth, Combining the holding dies, b b, with their operating levers, e e, by making the said dies detached from their levers, and fitting them to slide within guides in the holder, and- applying adjusting screws to the levers at their bearing upon the dies, substantially as specified. Fifth, Applying the discharging punches of the blank holders with springs, to retract them within the holders after the discharge ot the blanks, and in such manner that the plungers, after opening the holding dies or jaws, will drive them forward to expel the blanks, substantially as set forth. [See a description in next number.] PLOWS—I. P. Harris, of Byhalia, Miss. : I claim the hollow foot, B, formed and arranged for the reception of the stock, A, and point. C, substantially as specified. WASHING MACHINE—R. H. Harrison, of Laurel, Md.: I claim the construction of a washing machine having a concave bottom, a a a a a, with a secondary grating-like or iluted bottom, b c c, b c c, b c c, the slotted rocking lever, o o o, r r, and the corrugated balls, i i i i, or their equivalents, the whole constructed, arranged and operated substantially in the manner as set forth and described. MACHINES FOR TESTING THE STRENGTH OF SPRINGS— S. H, Hartman, ot Pittsburgh, Pa. : I claim, first, The application of steam through mechanical appliances substantially such as represented, to the compressing springs with a view of testing their temper or strength, substantially as described. I also claim, in combination with steam, applied as stated, for compressing the spring to ascertain its temper or strength, the application of a steam indicator for showing in pounds weight or otherwise the amount of pressure applied, as set forth. CHAIRS FOK RAILWAYS—Wm. Hall, of Springfield, Mass. ; I claim the mode described for securing the ends of rails, constructed, arranged and combined in the manner and for the purposes set forth. LATIII:S FOR TURNING IN METALS—George Henderson and Jacob Steele, of Allegheny Pa, : We claim the combination of the two chucks, II H, with a lathe, the whole being constructed and operated in the manner specified. This invention is designed to operate in metal. RUNNING GEAR OF WAGONS—Jonathan Hibbs, of Tujlytown, Pa. : I claim the method described of operating both the axles of a wagon in turning curves, namely, by means of the curved rack affixed to each axle, in combination with the connecting pinion, in the manner and for the purposes substantially as set forth. ROTARY PTTMP—A, P, Holly, of Seneca Falls, N. Y. : I claim a rotary pump provided with eccentric cylinders B C, having concentric portions, f f f f. and corresponding depressions, g g g g, and operating within the compartments, a a, of the case, substantially in the manner specified. METHOD OF CONSTRUCTING IRON RAILINGS—Luther Homes, of New Orleans, La. : I claim securing and embracing the circular projections, B B', at the upper and lower ends of the upright bars, A, within the hori-zontaltubularraila, D, formed by the semi-circular and straight bars, DD\ and the portions of said bars next the flat circular parts between the notches in the bridge plates, H, and the left hand ends of the notches or depressions, E, in the edges of the bar, D, and the right hand ends of the corresponding notches or depressions, E', in the edges of the bars, D\ by means of the interlocking pins, C C, and pins or lugs, F F", and hubs or blocks, I, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. [This improvement consists in forming the horizontal rails of iron railings hollow of two semi-circular bars connected together and to the upper and lower parts of the upright bars or newels, in such a manner as to form a strong and durable railing or balustrade in sections, capable of being readily secured together or detached and confined in a small space for transportation.] CULTIVATORS—Duncan E. Hubbard, of Okolona, Miss. : I claim the combination of share, T F S F, stock, ABCD, and tooth, h 2, the whole being constructed and arranged substantially aa and for the purposes set forth. MEASURING FAUCET—CHIhert Hubbard, of Montville, Mass. : I claim the combination of the passages, A e, with the rotating cylinders, B B', provided with followers, N, connected by the lrvpr, P. and oneratpd through the medium gearing, i h (r, pall, e, nitchetF, and sprine. H, the above parts being n^ed in conneo-tion with the cut-off, M, arranged with the nut, J, and lever*. K L, or other equivalent; device, whereby the cut-off may be closed automaticallv and simultaneously with the cessation of the rotation of the cylinders, B B\ substan'ially as and for the purpose set forth. [A notice of this improvement will be given in another number] ROTATING SHAFTS WITHOUT USING A CRANK—Simon Intmreoll. of Greenwich, Conn. : I claim the lever, N, with its slide. P, or its equivalent, w4ien arranged in the manner described and for the purpose set forth. SKIRT HOOPS—Austin Kelley. of New York City : I claim combining and arranging two hoop skirts together in the manner set forth, the inner skirt being adjnstable, for the purpose of forming a hustle when contracted, and for an additional support to the outer skirt when expanded, as fully described. STEAM BOILERS— A R. Ketcham, of Buffalo, N. Y. : T claim the coustruction and airangement of the interior fire, chamber. C, relatively to the furnaces, A A, c.,and the registers, B B, c, for the purposes substantially us set forth. CHURN^—James Macnish, of Bprlin, Wis. r I einim effecting the. breakage of the globules or sacks which contain thp fatty particles of the milk or cream by the combined forces of compression and friction, employing for producing these forces a roller in combination with a stationary concave, tho roller revolving within ji.nd and coming in contact with said concave, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. [By this invention the cream or milk i% subjected to a thorough friction and expressing action, and the globules or sacks which contain the fatty particles of butter are effectually broken. This invention is designed to supersede the old agitating process of making butter. We regard the improvement aa a good one, and think it will make butter very perfectly and speedily, as it is a well-known fact that it is only necessary to accomplish the breuking of the globules or sacks in order to produce butter.] OHTTRXS—James Ma.cnteh. of Berlin, Wis. : I claim, first, The combination of the inner set of tanjrentially ppt sprint win—r=—, T T. with the outer set of winfr=, (V G1 G1 G1, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Second, The combination of the friction plntes, H J, with the Hvo sets of spring wings, and tlie churn tub, substantsally as and for the purposes set forth. [This invention, as well as the one just described, is designed for producing butter by friction. In this case the friction principle is claimed in its application to upright churns, which have two dashers revolving in opposite directions. This arrangement appears to be a perfect one for this description of churn, and with it every globule or sack containing the fatty particles of the cream, it wnuld seem must be effectually broken, and butter consequently produced In double quick time.] DUST PAN—Thomas E. McNeill, ot Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim, constructing the dust pan with a dust receptacle or hox, a, and an inclined surface, b, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This dust pan is formed of an inclined and slightly concave surface, and a dirt receptacle or box, so that the dust is prevented from being thrown back upon the carpet or floor by the return movement of the broom while the dirt is being swept into the pan.] RAKING AND BINDING ATTACHMENT TO HARVESTEES— John P. Manny, of Rockford, 111.: I claim, in combination with a reaping machine, a rake that automatically throws itself out of gear when it arrives at the outer or grain end of the platform, in the manner substantially as described. I also claim combining with a rake that automatically throws itself out of gear, and a gathering apparatus, a mechanism by which the driver from his seat, or the attendant at his stand on the machine, can throw said rake into action when desired, for thepurpose and in the manner substantially as described. I also claim in combination with a rake, and the fathering apparatus to form the gavel, the bent arm, ', provided with the points, v, for the purpose of holding one end of the band that is to fasten the gravel when gathered, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. I also claim the bent lever, n', with its forked head, which when operated as above described, shall carry the band between its prongs, and which when released, shall be driven back by the spring n, releasing the band, the hook of which shall then be driven into the band by the expansion of the gavel, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. I also claim operating the lever, u', by means of the coiled spring, u, for the purpose of adjusting the motion of said lever, so as to bind large and small bundles equally light, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. HARVESTERS—John P. Manny, of Rockford, III. ; I claim, in combination with a main frame. A, supported in a fixed position that is parallel with the surface of the ground at all times, and a finger bar attached thereto, and operated as described, one arm of the said frame extended sufficiently to the rear to project over or behind the finger bar of the machine? substantially in the manner and for the purpose described : and tins I claim, whether the caster wheel be in front of or behind the driving wheel, as described. TRACK CLEARERS FOR HARVESTERS—John P. Manny, of Rockford, 111.: I claim, a wing board or track clearer which is hinged to the divider and composed of two or more parts which are hinged together, and which may be adjusted together or independently of each other, substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth. HARVESTER FINGERS—John P. Manny, of Rockford, 111. : I claim, tapering the face of the guard finger under the sickle bar, and to the rear thereof to a point, and forming a cavity under and behind said point, substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. MODE OF SECURING GRAIN IN BUNDLES OR SHEAVES— John P, Manny, of Rockford, 111. : I claim, the i:ne of a short band cut in suitable lengths for separate bundles, placed In proper position by hand, and automatically passed around the bundle and fastened by the expension of the bundle when released, substantially in the manner set forth, BURGLARS ALARM CLOCK—John Matheuman, of New Haven, Conn. : I do not claim making an alarm which lights a lamp at the same time that it rings an alarm, as I am aware that that has been before effected. But I claim— First, The application to the lamp, I, of the revolving emery paper cylinder, M, operated as described and lor the purposes set forth. Second, The combination of the frame, F, having duplicated brackets, with the tube, G, match holder, J, and lamp, I, as and for the purposes described. Third Connecting the lighting apparatus with an alarm clock, so as to operate either by the opening of the door or window of the room, or by the clock as set forth. Fourth, The combination of the detaching lever, C, with the lever, B, and tongue, E, and their connecting wires so that the lighting apparatus, and if desired, the alarms can be operated from a distant point as described. HILLSIDE PLOWS—Modest Merk, of Rochester, N. Y.': I claim, the reversible convex winged colter share, C, constructed as described in combination with the plane subsidiary mold hoard, D, connecting arm J, and furrow bar, E, arranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth. HARVESTERS—Jeremiah Mitchell, of Gosport,N. Y, : I claim, combining with the cutter bar of a harvesting machine in the manner described, the tilting jack,, constructed as described, that is to say, having the revolving handle, G, spring chuck, H, stationary catch plate, F, pinion, E, and rack bar, D, in combination with the wheel C, these several parts being constructed and relatively arranged with respect to each other, and to the cutter bar, and operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth. MACHINE FOR PARING, SLICING AND CORING APPLES— J. J. Parker, of Marietta, Ohio : I claim the. combination of the stalionary screw, slicing and raring knives, by which the apples are fed and revolved, arranged substantially as and for the purpose described. I further claim feeding the. apples past the paring knife, to the sliding device, by giving the apples a rotating motion, and using a stationary screw, the screw slicing device and paring-knife being arranged relatively with each other, substantially as specified. [In this device there is employed a rotating coring bit provided with radial flanches, a stationary screw and rotating slicing knives, all constructed and arranged so that the operations of coring, slicing and paring are performed in a perfect manner.] SAUSAGE FILLER—John G. Perry, of South Kingston, R. I. : I claim, the combination of the tube or nozzle with the, curved cylinder, for the purposes set forth substantially as described. MAcnraEFOR STUFFTNU HORSE COLLARS—Levi Plonk, of Newton, N. C- : I claim, the straw conveyers, d, in combination with the loose sliding frame H I, for the purpose of carrying the straw to the feed rod, substantially in the manner set forth. I also claim the elastic blades, qr, in combination with the guards, t u, for the purpose of guiding the straw to the funnel, substantially, in the manner described. RAILROAD CAR COUPLINGS—J. H. Quackenbush. of Owasso, Mich. : I am aware that various forms of self-couplings have been devised, and I do not claim separately any of the parts, irrespective of their construction, arrangement and relative position as described, whereby the device is not only rendered self-coupling but is also rendered susceptible of being detached from within the cars, and the cars also if thrown from the track made to disconnect themselves. I claim therefore as new, and desire to to secure by letters patent, the lever, B, formed of two bars, c a, fitted in the head or socket, A, provided with a pendent, f, connected with the pin or bolt, C, and having the chains, D E, attached to it, the whole being combined and arranged as and for the purpose set for the purpose set forth. [The pin or bolt which secures the link in the head is attached to a lever constructed in a peculiar way, so that the pin may be raised and the link released from within the car to which the coupling is directly attached, and the pin also released, and the link released in case the car or its adjoining one be thrown or runsoif the track.} VENTILATING MILL STONES—L. Racine, of Joliet. 111. : I am aware that a blast of air has been iorccd through or between mill stones, in order to keep them in a cool state, and to absorb the moisture which the grain may contain, and I therefore do not claim broadly forcing a blast of air between the stones. But 1 claim the arrangement and combination of the blast pipe, N, curb, ( D, flanch, K, rim, L, flexible bottom, M, tube, G, and exhaust pipe, O, as and for the purposes set forth. ( [This invention consists in having the eye of the — runner or upper stone so enclosed that while the grain f is readily admitted into the eye, a perfectly air tight blast passage is formed through the eye of the stone, between the stones and through the curb, the blast by this arrangement being rendered much more efficient than by the majority of ventilating devices.] MACHINE FOE LEATHERING TAOKS—Jesse Reed, of Marshfield, Mass. : I claim— First, Driving the tacks and cutting out the piece of leather by a solid punch, operating in the manner sub-stantantially as set forth. Second, I claim the nippers, N, in combination with the rest, x, and tube, q, operating as described for the purpose specified. ATTACHING CARRIAGE SPRINGB—Luther Otway Rice, of Berlin, Canada West: I do not claim either section of the springs described when separately considered. I claim placing the scroll spring, A, divergent to the axle and supporting the same on the axle by means of the clip, c, at the end thereof, and the raised double clip, D, or equivalent near the frheel for the purposes, and substantially as described. MACHINE FOR LEATHERING TAOKS—Charles L. Russell, ot Derby, Conn. : I claim, one or more separators, 5 6 A, leaving a cavity in their ends, or an equivalent therefor, which shall grasp the head or body of the tack, or both substantially as and for the purposes herein described. Second, The fingers, W W, arranged in the relation shown to the tube or guide, P, and working alternately, so that one serves as a stop to the tack and the other as a discharger thereof, in such a manner as to ensure the dropping of the tack into the tube or guide, P, with unerring certainty at the precise time and. place necessary, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Third, The fork, 5, or its equivalent, when working through or across a tube near its top as shown, for the purpose of ensuring the dropping of the tacks perpendicularly into the tube, P, substantially as described. Fourth, The guide or conducting tube, PP, having inclined or horizontal passages running into each other in combination with the driving punch, O, cutting punch, L N, die, M M, race, x, and feed motion, I J, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. Fifth, The self-adjusting grooved rest or guide, v,for receiving and supporting the point of the tack, when arranged so that the tack shall be kept on the guide by its own weight, substantially as and for the purpose herein specified. Sixth, Feeding leather or other material to the machine in the operation of leathering tacks, by each succeeding tack itselff whieh is driven into or through the material used for forming the heads or discs, and acts as a stop to a feed motion whereby to effect the movement of the material to a position in front of the cutting punch, substantially as described. SASH HOLDER— Eliphalet S. Scripture, of New Haven, Conn. : I do not claim in the combination of my improvement as described, either a spirel grooved shaft or a two part tube or shell, the same having been described by me in my window fastener or lock,patent of March the 9th, the present year. Neither do I claim the tracer, G. But I claim the oscillating swivel cup, D, in combination with an elastic buffer, all being arranged and operated substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth. COTTON CULTIVATORS—Asberry Smith, of Ashville, Ala. : I claim the arrangement of the upright, A, brace, C, beam, D, and support, F, so that a plane will pass through or ne ir the whole of them, and when the win^, B, is connected to and projects from the said upright, A, all asset forth. ARRANGEMENT FOR DEVICES FOR PLANING MOLDINGS— H ezekiah B. Smith, of Lowell, Mass. : I claim, the relative arrangement and combination of the spire feed wheel, M, with the cutter head, F, and table, L, they being adjustable with each other in the manner described and for the purposes set forth. BREECH LOADING FIREARM—George H. Soule, of Jersey (Jity, N. J. : I claim the peculiar construction and mode of operating the plunger, E, and securing it to its place while the gun is being discharged. Also the brace, C, and the connection of the breech piece, B, and the lever, D. Also the cams, (i) (i), as applied to raising the brace, and any similar device by which the eame results as are set forth, are substantially obtained. TAILORS' MEASURE—W. R. Stace, of Rochester, N. Y.; I claim the construction and use, substantially as described, of an instrument for measuring and drafting garments, said instrument consisting of the graduated arcs or dial plates {A1 and B'), connected by the graduated arc (—_!')* said arc being expansible by means of slots, pins and screws, as described. TREATMENT OF FIBRE OF TAMPIOO HEMP—Werner Stauien, of London, England : I claim, changing the properties of the fibres of the plant known as the ''Ar-gave Americana," by first saturating said fitfres with an alkaline solution, and then immediately submitting the same to the action of a high degree of artificial heat, substantially as herein described, and preparatory to using said fibres as a substitute for horae hair and bristles in the production of various useful articles. CONTINUOUS CHAIR RAILS—Conelius A. Stancliff and James Mingis, of Williamsport, Pa. : We claim the combination and arrangement of the part, A A', with the protected cushion, D, and with the continuous chair, B, which latter is adapted to form two lines of continuous rigid supports, one under each side of the body or tread of the rail whenever the elastic material is compressed to a certain extent, substantially as above described and for the purposes set forth. NAIL MACHINE—Hiram W. Taylor, of Birmingham Pa. : I claim, first, the use of a rocking journal box for the sleeve of the feeding rod, to permit of the elevation of the lower end of the feeding rod when the nail plate is turned, or when a full nail plate is to be inserted. Second, The combination of the pivoted lever, z, with the lugs, c',on the cogwheel and the inclined projection on the segmental cogwheel, for the purpose of securing their gearing together in the correct relative situation, as described. Third. The use of a crab for connecting shafts, having one lug nearer the center than the other, so that the inner lug of one half of the crab will pass the outer lug on the other half without locking, for the purpose of causing them to gear always at the aame relative point in their revolution. Fourth, The use of a button or stop at the head of the feed rod in combination with a lever through the extremity of which the feed rod slides freely until the button or stop touches or presses forward the lever, for the purpose of disconnecting the feed apparatus from the nail machine automatically so soon as the nail plate is worked up. Fifth, I claim the use of the gripping jaws, constructed as described, in c"ombina,tion with the rest, K\ and the spring, S3, for the purpose of producing the requisite feedmotion of the feed rod. RICK HULLING MACHINES—John F. Taylor, of Charleston, S, C, : I claim the employment of use of the curved lever frame attached at one end to the bed piece, A, and having the pestle, D, permanently secured to the opposite end, the above parts being placed relatively with the vessel, B, as shown and described, and used in connection with the geared eccentrice, F Gr H, arranged relatively with each other and the lever frame c1, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [The object of this invention is to obviate the difficulty attending the use of the crank which has hitherto been most usually employed for giving a reciprocating motion to a pestle which works within a vessel of proper form. The pestle requires to be driven with a rapid motion, and as the resistance to its mo-' tionis of course variable,more force being required at !_ its downward than at its upward stroke, the crank pin 5 as well as the journals of the crank shaft become worn and rendered useless. The invention consists in giving a reciprocating motion to the pestle by attaching the same to a level, which is operated through the medium of three geared eccentrics, whereby the pestle maybe driven with but little wear of the working parts, and by a moderate expenditure of power.] CORN SHELLERS—P. P. Taft, of Taftsville, Vt. : I am aware that a toothed rotating cylinder and concave is an old and well-known device, and has been used for shelling corn and for various crushing and grinding purposes: I therefore do not claim broadly such device. But I claim the rotating toothed cylinder. C, in combination with two or more reciprocating toothed concaves, L L, moving simultaneously in opposite directions , the parts being arranged within a suitable box, case or framing, and operated substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This invention consists in the employment of a rotating toothed or corrugated cylinder in connection withthereciprocating toothed plates, arranged to opposite direetions, whereby corn may be more effectually shelled from the ear than by any of the machines hitherto constructed for the purpose.J TRUNK PROTECTOR—R. M. Wade, of Wadesville, Va.: I claim the skeleton trunk casing made up of wooden strips with bent extremeties, connected with straps and attached to the trunk, substantially as and for the purposes set forth. MACHINES FOR HULLING RICE—R. P. Walker, of New York City : I do not claim wheels or cylinders covered with emery in themselves, neither do I claim india rubber or elastic rollers in themselves, "but I am not aware that a surface of emery has ever before been used in connection with an elastic roller or surface, to one or both of which a motion is communicated so that the emery abrades and removes the hulls of the rice or grain while partially imbedded and held by the elastic surface as specified. What I claim is, first, A surface of emery, in combination with an india rubber or other elastic surface for hulling rice or other grain, when motion is communicated to one or both of said surfaces in such a manner that the said surface of emery abrades the hulls for removing the same, as the rice or other grain ia partially imbedded or retained by the said elastic surface, for the purposes and substantially as specified. Second, I claim imparting an end-wise motion to an elastic roller, or its equivalent, in combination with a revolving roughened surface, when the same ia used for the purpose of hulling rice or other grains, suDstantially as specified. EAR, CHEEK AND CHIN MUFF—W. P. Ware, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim the arrangement of the ear, cheek and chin pieces constructed as represented in Fig. 1 of the drawings, and joined together in the manner represented and for purposes specified in the specification. STEAM ALARM AND SAFETY APPARATUS—S. W. Warren, of Brooklyn, N. Y. : I do not claim the expanding tube nor any of the parts that have heretofore been used in boiler alarms. But I claim the arrangement and combination, substantially as shown and described of the arched or curved spring C, valve, E, and tube, B, for the purposes set forth. [A description of this invention will appear in our next.] FURNACES—B. H. Washington, of Hannibal, Mo. : I do not claim the cones or funnels, E E, for they have been previously used, and were formerly patented by me. But I claim the air conductors, F F, placed below the grate bars, B, constructed as shown, and used in connection with the cones or funnels, E E, substantially as and for the purpose set forth. [This is an improvement on a patent granted to the inventor Nov. 7, 1854. In that invention double hollow cones were used for the purpose of supplying the fire with a requisite quantity of air. This invention consists in using in connection with the two cones what may be termed air conductors, placed within the furnace below the grate, and so arranged as to diffuse the air equally over the surface of the grate, causing a more perfect combustion of the fuel with a milder flame than usual.] MACHINERY FO R PRESSING- STRAW BONNETS AND OTHER ARTICLES OF VARYING- THICKNESS—H. E. West, of Norton, Mass. : I claim a mold either hot or cold to form the article pressed, in combination with a flexible presser operated b v a fluid substance, either liquid or gaseous, substantially as described, so as to press the article or substance to be shaped or molded into the mold and give it the form or shape required. I claim the use of cold water or other cold liquid to operate the flexible presser in combination with a hot mold, so that the cold flexible presaer in combination with a hot mold, so that the cold flexible presser will condense the moisture evaporated or driven from the article pressed by the hot mold, and leave said article nearly or quite dry. I also claim the process of shaping bonnets, hats and other articles by pressing them into, or on to a mold, either hot or cold, by means of a flexible presser, operated by some liquid or gaseous substance, substantially aa described. MAKING PAPER BAGS—Francis Wolle, of Bethele-hem, Pa. : I claim, first, The combination of the creaser, C, and lapper, F G, arranged and operating substantially in the manner and for the purpose described and set forth. Second, The revolving lapper shaft, u, in combination with the creaser, v s, the teed roller, M, and aprons, u, substantially as described, the creaser being brought iuto operation on the bags during the intermission in the motion of the feed rollers. BEDSTEAD FASTENINGS—E. S. Wright, of Buffalo, N. Y. : I disclaim either device separately considered. But I claim the combination of the coupling hook, C, wedge, D, and pin, E, arranged in the manner and for the purpose set forth. FURNACES FOR STEAM BOILERS—Henry Yatea, of Brantford, Canada : I claim the perforated metal cone, H, in combination with the tight furnace bottom operating in the manner substantially as set forth. Second, And in combination with the above, I claim the damper, V, operating in the manner substantially ass set forth. Third, I also claim the water heater, 11', in combination with the perforated metallic cone and damper, constructed and arranged in the manner specified. RAILWAY BRIDGE SIGNALIZER—Amoe Burnha,m (assignor to himself and J. M. Cook), of Taunton Mass, : What I claim, is my improved signal apparatua consisting of a series of pendants and an arrangement of such as described, each pendant being of such weight as not to be capable of being so affected by ordinary serial currents produced by a railway train or otherwise, as to be readily blown out of the way of a person on the top of a car or train or the load thereof while such may be passing under it, but still of a weight not capable of doing or causing material injury to sueh person under such circumstances, and each pendant being arranged at such distance from that or those next to it as to ensure contact with some one or more of them by a person when on the roof or load of a car, and being carried under them, and situated at such an elevation as to be in danger ot injury from a bridge or obstacle toward which the train or car may be advancing. STOPPER FOR BOTTLES—James Ewing (assignor to F. V. Rushton), of New York City , What I claim as an improvement in bottle stoppers for bottles containing gaseous liquids confined under high pressure, is the arrangement of the tubular stem valve, B, within the chest, A, with the cork tube, E, the whole being constructed and operated substantially as set forth. WATER METER—Wm. Darker, Jr. (assignor to J. B. Thompson), of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the combination and arrangement of the eccentric cams, G G\ angularrods, H H\ attached to tne valve, K, and curved springs, E E', and friction rollers, F F\ on the sides of the piston, A, for giving the required reciprocating movement to the valve, substantially in the manner described. [A notice of this improvement is given in the next column. ] HORSE HAY RAKES—John F. Faust, of Lebanon, O., (assignor to himself and. R. M. Ross, of Philadelphia, Pa. : I claim the combined arrangement of the arms, A' A' rods, B B, arms, EE.KK, and guide rod, A A, as constructed and arranged with the rake, H, and carriage, as represented, for operating the rake in the manner and for the purposes mentioned in the specification. VALVE REGULATORS—William S. Gale, (assigner to himself, Alfred A. Valentine and W. H. Butler), of New York city : I claim, in combination with the plain diaphragm, B, corresponding load piece, C, compound lever, DEF, and the support, A', the projections or ridges, c c, on the under surface of the load piece j and the printing of the shape of the same into the diaphragm for the purpose of preventing the slipping of C. laterally upon B, as set forth. PUNCH FOR PERFORATING METAL—Washington J. Granger, (assign er to D. J. Lake andC. B. Brown), of Chicago, 111.: I d o not claim the employment of springs tor the pm pose of elevating the punch and retaining it in place. But I claim the arrangement of a punch with a series of slides, j, accurately fitting both punch and tube, and retained in their places by springs, K, or their equiva. lents, substantially as set forth, for affording a lateral support to enable the punch to withstand strain while operating. PRESSURE GAGE—William C. Grimes (assigner to David Matthew), of Philadelphia : I claim the manner of constructing and arranging the concentric glasses and connecting tubes, as and for the purpose set forth. PRESSURE GAGE—William C. Grimes (assignor to D. Matthew), of Philadelphia, Pa. : I am well aware that pressure vases with parallel glass tubes and siphon tubes indicating pressure by column of mercury and compressed air have been used, but they have no such effect as mine, and I do not wish to be understood as claiming any such arrangement. But I do the peculiar construction of mercurial pressure gage, having two concentric glass tubes, so proportioned to each other and the reading scale, aa to produce the necessary space to register the units and tens, and make them more uniform and legible, substantially as set forth. CORN HUSKERB—Leonard A. Grover, of Roxbury, Mass,, assignor to himself and N. T. Spear, of Boston. Mass. : I do notclaim a revolving toothed cone, B, and toothed plate, D, separately, for they or their equivalents have been previously used. I claim the rotating toothed cone, B, plates or boards, D D, one being provided with teeth, b\ in combination wit^ the tilting bed or hopper, E.and the vibrating knife, G, aad stationary knife, J, the whole being arranged to operate as and for the purposes set forth. [This invention consists in the employment of shear-or a cutting device, tilting bed or hopper, and a rotating toothed cone and guide plates, the whole forms ing a very simple and efficient corn husker.] LOCK—John Philip Lipps, of Newark, N. J., assignor to George D. Baldwin, of New York city : I claim the independent bit, M, constructed as shown and held anteriorly or above the bolt, by the horizontal spring, z, (and independent of the spiral springs) thereby securing againat the introduction of any instrument to pick the lock. MAGNETIC STEAM GAGE—Joshua Lowe, of New York city, assignor to himself and Daniel Barnum, of Jersey City, N. J. : I am aware that air and mercury have heretofore been combined and used in tight ieolated or separate chambers to make pressure gages, but not in combination with a self-adjusting magnet and traversing needle. I am aware also that magnets, dial plates and needles have been used in combination, but not in a tight, isolated chamber separated from the steam boiler, or other means of making pressure, or lor the purpose of markingor indicating, either pressure within a boiler or a vacuumin a condenser, I therei'oredo not claim either of these except as herein specified and for the purposes named. But I claim the construction of a polar magnet with one arm or pole larger than the other, so that the enlarged pole will float on the sur ace of the mercury, whether the lesser pole be immersed or not, whenever the said magnet is placed within a chamber filled or partially filled with mercury, and hung on pivots in the center, thus making a self-adjusting movable magnet, capable of being used as a floating magnet within in a small tight chamber, substantially as described and shown. I claim also the combination of a floating magnet, a magnetic needle and a dail or index plate forming one side of an isolated tight chamber, and with mercury and air within said chamber or their equivalents, for the purpose of making a magnetic pressure gage, substantially as described and shown. I claim also the combination of a floating magnet, a magnetic needle, and a dial or index plate, forming one side of an isolated tight chamber, and with mercury or other fluid within said chamber, for the purpose of making a magnetic vacuum gage, substantially as described and shown. BURGLAR'S ALARM CLOCK—George D. Sargent, of Boston, Mass., assignor to himself and Thomas R. Abbott, of Maiden, Mass, : I claim the combination of the lamp and its lighting apparatus with an alarm apparatus, its case, and the door thereof, so as to be operated thereby, or to operate in connection therewith, substantially as specified. I also claim arranging the lamp and the match carrier on the door, C, of the case, A, in combination with applying the match grater to the stationary part or body of the case, substantially as specified. I also claim the combination for operating the extinguisher, G, the same consisting in the match grater, 1, the spring lifter, c,the depresser, the catch, H, and the detacher, K, the whole being applied and made to operate together substantially as specified. FAUCET—N. P. Whittelsey, (assignor to James A. Frary,) of Meriden, Conn. : I claim the adjustable gate, B, constructed in the form of a segment of a sphere, and fitted to the tube, A, over a concave seat, a, provided with a packing, e, substantially aa and for the purpose set forth. [See description in another column.] RE-IBSUES. METHOD OF VENTILATING SHIPS, a — Rudolph Knecht. of New York City. Dated November 11,1856 : I do not claim any single part of the apparatus as my invention. But I claim the ventilating of vessels, houses, rooms, or any other description of enclosed and covered spaces, by expelling the foul air contained therein and by ei-multaneouslyintroducing in its ateadfresh air, cooled air, by a combination and arrangement of two sets of wings on one shaft, acting simultaneously, substantially as described. MACHINES FOR MARKING TIME OF ATTENDANCE OF WORKMEN—Benjamin T. Harris, (assignor to John Mc-Killap, assignor to Mary E. Harris,) of Brooklyn, N. Y. Dated August 11, 1857 : I claim the combination of a registering surface operated by clockwork, with markers, so applied as to mark on said surface, and indicate the presence or absence of the employee or workman at or from the period of time denoted by the position of the registering surface, as specified. I also claim a perforated plate, in combination with a. slide, or its equivalent, whereby the presence or absence of the employer or workman to whom each perforation is alloted, is indicated, upon inspection, by means of black and white, or dissimilar colori exhibited behind aaid openings, as specified. SEWINO MACHINES—W. O. Grover, of Bqeton, Mass,, and W. E. Baker, of Roxbury, Mass., (assignors of the Grover &Baker Sewing Machine Co., of Boston, Mass.) Dated June 22, 1852 : We are aware of the fact that in the patentofYVilliam G. Bates, 1853, there ia described a curved non-penetrating needle, but the needle Is BO located and operated that it performs neither of the operations which are the peculiar functions of the described curved, needle, but on the contrary, acts aa a simple straight needle, spreading itsloop while retreating out of the upper needle thread loop, by virtue of the grasp thereof, and not carrying this upper loop away from the position or locat ion in which it was originally seized. We therefore do not claim simply a curved non-perforating eye-pointed instrument, in combination with a perforating eye-pointed instrument for forming a double-looped stitch. But we claim, first. In combination with an upper needle, or eye-pointed perforating instrument, a non-perforating eye-pointed instrument, so shaped and moved, substantially as specified, that it shall spread a loop of the thread It governs, while advancing through a loop of the upper needle thread, substantially in the manner and for the purpose specified. Second, We claim in combination with an eve-pointed upper needle, a non-perforating instrument, having the function, substantially in the manner specified, of carrying the loop of the upper needle thread out of the location or position in which it was originally aeiaed or the purpose substantially aa set forth. Third, We claim in combination with an eye-pointed instrument, an eye-pointed non-perforating instrument. substantially such as described, and performing the two offices ot spreading a loopof its own thread while advancing through a loop of the upper needle thread, ani of changing the locality of the loop of up per thread that it has seized, both offices being performed substantially in the manner and for the purpose described. Fourth, We claim an eye-pointed upper needle, and an eye-pointed needle, BO arranged and operating as to makeastitch substantially such as ia represented, in combination with a feed apparatus, one surface of which has motion in four different directioBBj uubatantially in the mannerandfor the purposes described. EXTENSIONS. TYPE-CASTING MACHINES—David Bruce, Jr., of Brooklyn, N. Y. Patented November^, 1843 : I claim, first, the male plate, n, constructed with a nipple protruding beyond its back surface, and springs attached to the plate, arranged and operating in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Second, I claim the method of opening and closing the mold and tilting the matrix, by the combination and arrangement of the compound vibrating arm, H, andlever, J, arm, M and N, and spring, v,saidlever, J, having a simultaneous vibrating movement on an axis on the vibrating arm, H, in the manner and for the purpose set forth; and this combination and arrangement I claim, whether effected precisely in the manner here set forth, or in any other manner substantially the Bame, by which analogous results are produced. Third, I claim the adjustable mold block, o, combined with the vibrating arm, H, for the purpose set forth. Fourth, I claim the combination of the adjuatable frame, h, with the lower adjustable mold block, o, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Filth, I claim the combination of the circular collar, perforated with a rectangular opening in the center, to admit the rectangular shaft or stem of the upper mold block with the hinge piece, i, and adj ustoble frame, h, in the manner and for the purpose set forth. Sixth, I claim the manner of supplying the melted metal to the mold by a horizontally and vertically perforated piston placed below the level of the bottom of the metal pot, arranged and operated in the manner set forth, by which the metal is forced, with the mold at a lower temperature than heretofore effected, and the metal remaining in the mouth of the female plate, after the type has been cast, ia drawn back into the seat or chamber of the piston as the piston rises, by which the mouth of the female plate is prevented from being stopped or choked by congealed metal. Seventh, I claim the combined arrangement of these several parts, namely, the lever, a, cam, v, spring, d, rod, b. and vibrating beam, E, by which the piston is operated, as possessing the advantages et forth.;! Eighth, I claim placing the vibrating mold arm, H, between the furnace and the propelling or cam shaft, as described. MACHINERY FOR MAKING BARRELS AND OTHER CASKS—Isaac Crossett, of Bennington, Vt. Patented July 1,1844; re-issued March 2,1858; extendedJu ne 26, 1858: I claim the vibratory block orbed, D,adjustable gage, C, and knife or cutter, B, arranged relatively with each other, BO aa to operate aa and tor the purpose set forth. DESIGNS. TYPES—James Conner, of New York City. PRINTERS' TYPES—James Conner^ of New York City. PRINTERS' TYPES—James Conner, of New York City. RANGE FRONTS—A. C. Baratow, of Providence, E. I.