A correspondent asks us in the same letter for " a cure for drunkenness, and the best modern work on the rectification of spirits and the rectifying still" We have two theories in regard to the motives which prompted the above questions, so apparently antagonistic in their character One is, that our correspondent is a manufacturer of spirits and is anxious to adopt the best means to cheapen and improve their qualities, and only asks for the first information to gratify an idle curiosity ; and the other, that he is a wholesouled philanthropist whose first endeavor is to cure his unfortunate fellow creatures of a most abominable vice, and in the event of failing in this to devote his efforts toward the removal of some of the many poisons contained in liquors, and thus in a great measure qualify their evil effects We know of no modern work published in this country, exclusively devoted to the rectification of spirits and the rectifying still Many works on chemistry treat of these subjects, but the latest and best information can probably be obtained from the last issue of Ure's Dictionary, under the respective heads of Distillation, Fermentation and Spirits The best cure for drunkenness that we can recommend is total abstinence from all intoxicating drinks Where the unfortunate victim does not possess the necessary firmness to resist the temptation of the intoxicating draught, we would recommend those interested in his fate to first employ those delicate means which are dictated by the spirit of Christianity, to bring him to a proper sense of his condition before resortiag to the forcible ones too often attempted Instead of trampling upon him, strive to nurse into life the still glimmering embers of a nearly exhausted virtue Think of him as a being whose frame is still capable of being agitated by feelings the most refined, delicate and intellectual, and endeavor to inspire in him a desire for those virtuous joys which he experienced before he became a victim to this terrible habit Six barks are now preparing at Chicago to make voyages to Liverpool Last year one i and the firstmade this voyage, and seeming ly with success, or others would not be induced to follow the example this year rePatent Claims Issued from the United States Patent Office FOR THE WEEK ENDING APRIL 6, 1858 [Reported officially for ihe Scientific American] CORN HARVESTERSIsaac V Adair, of Varick, N Y: I do not claim the cutters, F, operating as shown, so as to effect, in connection with the stationary cutters, E, the desired result, irrespective of the peculiar arrangement and means employed for operating the cutters, F, for such cutting device has been previously used But I claim attaching the cutters, F, to the rods, a b, the rods, b, being provided with arms, k, and the rods and arms operated from the wheels, B, through the medium of the gearing, G i f g, and arms, c, when the above parts are used in combination with the stationary cutters, E, at the inner parts of the recesses, D, for the purpose set forth I iurther claim the bar, H, provided with the arms, q, in combination with the gate, I, the above parts being attached to the platform, A, and used in connection with a railing or guard, so as to operate as and for the purpose set forth I also claim the cutting device formed of the cutters, E F, connected with rakes or teeth, k, arranged to operate as shown, in combination with the discharging device formed of the gate, I, and bar, H, the whole operating as and tor the purpose specified [This invention consists ia the employment of two scytheshaped cutters, operated in a peculiar way, and working over stationary cutters, and used in connection with a discharging device, whereby the standing stalks, as the machine ia drawn along, are cut at a proper distance from the surface of the ground, gathered or thrown on a platform, collected into compact form, and after being bound by an attendant, discharged from said platform upon the ground] SEWING MACHINESAbraham Bartholf, of New York City: I claim the construction of the taper portions of the shuttle, and the forked portion of the shuttle driver, which acts upon it to drive it back, in a manner substantially as described, so that the said portion of the driver bears upon the top and bottom of the shuttle with a tendency to draw it away from, or prevent it from hugging, the side of the race way And I also claim giving the two claws, i i', which pro, duce the backward motion of the shuttle, a relative form, substantially as described, by which the shuttle is prevented hugging the bottom of the raceway, as set forth [This invention relates only to sewing machines in which a shuttle is used Its object is to reduce the friction of the shuttle in the raceway without the use of oil, and thereby to avoid the dirtying of the shuttle thread, which is the source of great trouble in sewing delicate or lightcolored work, wt en oil is used in the raceway The invention consists in a certain construction of the shuttle and driver, which tends to prevent the shuttle lugging the raceway in its retreat, which it should be observed is the part of its movement in which, under the most common construction of the shuttle and driver, it is caused to hug the raceway most closely] SIRUP CASTERSEdmund Bigelow, of Springfield, Mass : 1 claim the described measuring faucet or register, in combination with the revolving sirup fountain or reservoir TRAPS FOR ANIMALSJohn L Brabyn, of New York City : I do not claim the straight platform in any position But I claim a tilting platform in combination with the enclosed recess, C C, when the platform is comprised of the inclined plane and horizontal floor, A A, as described, and for the purpose specified GRINDING MILLSD E Breinig, of Philadelphia, Pa: I claim, first, The upper portion of the grinding surface of the shell and buhr coneshaped, with inclined sides terminating in a horizontal or curved grinding surface, in combination with the deflecting arms, n and p, or their equivalents Second, The shell and buhr formed as above described, in combination with the scraper, W, sliding segment, N, and pinion, P, arranged and operating substantially as described APPARATUS FOR ROASTING COFFEERobert Brown, of Ashtabula, Ohio : I do not claim separately any of the parts described But I claim the vessel A, provided with the adjustable rotating scrapers or blades, D, attached to rods, i, of varying lengths, which rods are pivoted to the shaft, C, and the whole arranged to operate as and for the purpose described [The object of this invention is to obtain a portable parching or roasting device for domestic use: one that can be readily operated, and not at all affected by the ''buckling" of its bottom, from the action of the fire upon it] CHURNSHarvey Brown, of New York City : I claim the arrangement of the trailing paddles, wheels, and gearing, operated substantially in the manner and for the purpose set forth METHOD OF ATTACHING EXPANSIBLE CUTTING LIPS TO AUGERS, aNicholas Clare and John Quigly, of Maiden, N Y : We claim the detachable and adjustable reamer or plugborer, constructed and capable of being operated as set forth CLASPS FOR FASTENING BAGSW H Cloud, A L Hatfield, and C H Burdick, of Fremont, Ohio : We claim the peculiar construction of semicircles, a a, with thin edge to prevent slipping, and hinge, B, at one side, clasp, c, and catch, d, on the other side, the peculiar construction of lever, f, so as to be operated upon by the pressure of the bag when fastening, and thumb piece, h, by which it is easily opened, the whole being arranged and combined in the manner and for the purposes set forth, or in any other manner substantially the same PEN AND PENCIL CASESJohn Cockburn, of New York City : I do not claim, separately, operating the pencil tube, C, by means of the spirally slotted tube, D, for this has been previously done But I claim the arrangement and combination, as shown and described, of a pen slide, H, which girdles its tube, G, with a bass, b, which latter girdles its tube, B, for the purposes set forth [This invention consists in a peculiar arrangement of l~ means for operating the pen and pencil, whereby the ,,J pen and pencil are pushed in and out of the case at the jfc / same end ; the construction of the case is rendered ex|/C,tremely simple, and the usual exterior appearance can |p|be obtained] METHOD OF SECURING POCKETBOOKS, OOliver Cox, of Alexandria county, Va : I claim the lock constructed as described, and attached to the pocketbook, c, in combination with the button constructed as described, the whole operating as set forth, for the purpose of attaching pocketbooks, portemonnaies and purses to the pocket of the wearer, as set forth and described HAND CORN PLANTERSDaniel G Coppin, of Cincinnati, Ohio : I claim the combined arrangement of the concave plate, K, lever, h, and seed rod, f, arranged with the pipes, d and g, and spring, J, all constructed and operated as represented, for purposes mentioned in the specification PORTABLE PUMPWilliam and Benjamin Douglas, of Middletown, Conn : We do not claim an elastic cover, d, placed over a chamber, E, in order to form a pump, for such device has been previously used, and pumps thus constructed are generally known as bellows pumps Nor do we claim any of the parts separately But we claim the pipes, A F B, and the chamber, E, provided with the flexible cover, d and lever, L, or their equivalents, and the cup, M, the parts being constructed and arranged relatively with each other, so as to operate as and for the purpose specified [By a peculiar arrangement of pipes, air vessel, and a suction and force chamber, a very portable and efficient pump is obtained, and one that is especially applicable to watering gardens, syringing plants, washing windows, and similar purposes] SAW GUMMERM Ernsberger, of Bremen, Ohio : I do not claim, separately, the burr or cutter, e, for that has been previously used for analogous purposes But I claim the stock, A, provided with the screws, d, or their equivalents, and also provided with the tube B, collar, C, pin, g, and shaft, D, with cutter, e, formed on it, the whole being combined and arranged substantially as and for the purpose set forth [Full particulars of this invention will be found on another page] HARDENING IRON AND STEELGeorge James Farmer, of Birmingham, England Patented in England August 23, 1856 : I wish it to be understood that I do not confine myself to these? precise details,;nor to the exact proportions of the several chemical compounds stated, as I have merely specified those details and proportions which I have hitherto found the best suited to effect the intended purpose, and they may probably admit of some slight variation when operating upon different qualities of metal I claim the hardening of articles formed of iron or steel, by plunging them into a solution of prussiateof Sotash, sal ammoniac and saltpeter after they; have een heated redhot and rolled in a powdered mixture of the same materials as set forth REFRIGERATORSWilliam Ferris, Philip Garrett and James Megratten, of Wilmtngton, Del ; We do not claim the outer and inner boxes or cases, nor their combination Neither do we claim filling the space between the inner and outer box with any composition or matter which may be a nonconductor of heat But we claim the combining the third or Inner box or frame,oooo with the interior of a refrigerator, as shown, so that a perfect circulation of cold air maybe kept up in the interior of the box or case, oooo, and also around it, as shown and set forth COTTON PRESSESWilliam Field, of Providence, R I : I claim, first, The arrangement of the chains, or their equivalent, connecting the followers, so that by applying power and motion to one follower, it is transmitted to the other, and also the followers retain their parallelism to each other, however unequal the resistance at either ends Second, The combination of the screw for raising the follower with the chains, or their equivalent, for raising the followers when arranged as described, for the purpose set forth Third, The guard plate, in combination with the followers, for the purpose described SEEDING MACHINESJoseph Fray, of Battle Creek, Mich : I claim the device of using a screw with double thread, coarse and fine alternately, in the bottom of the seed hopper, in combination with the oscillating hand lever and the eccentric pivot, to force the seed through the holes in the perforated bottom of said seed hopper, by means of the compound oscillating motion of the screw Box CASES AND LUBRICATORS FOR RAILROAD CAR AXLESGeorge W and Jacob C Geisendorff, of Cincinnati, Ohio : We claim the employment of the divided packing, a a', in combination with the springs, c c, and d d, constructed substantially in the manner and for the purposes set forth MEANS OF PROTECTING TILLER ROPES OF VESSELS FROM FIREW Y Gill, of Henderson, Ky : I do not claim, broadly, the protecting of articles from fire by enclosing the same within a double case, the space between its sides being filled with a nonconducting material, for this is a wellknown means of protecting articles from heatj and may be seen in the various fireproof safes, refrigerators, water coolers, c, in common use But I claim enclosing the tiller ropes, G, of steam vessels by a double tubing, b d, connected with double boxes, c f, or their equivalents, to form the necessary elbows, the spaces between the tubes and boxes being filled with a proper nonconducting material, e, and the whole arranged and applied substantially as shown and described, for the purpose set forth [We have noticed this invention in another portion of this journal] PIPE TONGSHenry H Gilmore, of Boston, Mass : I claim the combination of an inclined plane or planes, or the equivalent thereof, with the slotted jaw, for the purpose described PUDDLING FURNACESJohn P and John Grove, of Montour county Pa , We do not claim the invention of revolving bottoms for puddling furnaces But we do claim, first, the employment of a revolving bottom for a puddling furnace, arranged with water tubes for cooling it, and with the peculiar airtight joint described, the whole arranged and operating substantiallyas described Second, The employment in a puddling furnace of a revolving tool, arranged and operating in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described BOOTJACK AND BURGLAR'S ALARM COMBINEDF C Goffin, of Newark, N J : I do not claim, broadly, the employment of movable jaws to clamp and hold the heel of the boot Nor do I claim, broadly the employment of spring door alarms, to give them a signal when attempt is made to force an entrance But I claim as an improved article of manufacture, a bootjack alarm, made substantially as described, to wit: the bed, A, jaws, B, treadle, C, pendant, E, slide, F, and spring, D, arranged substantially as described, whereby the article serves the double purpose of a bootjack and door alarm [We give a notice of this in another column] REEFING SAILSLewis Higgina, of Jersey City, and Alexander Brown, of New York City: We do not claim the rolling of the sail on the yard itself But we claim, first The truss frame, E E, constructed tLnd fitted with a series of rollers, a a, which embrace the yard and rolled up portion of the sail, substantially as described, to hold the yard to the mast, but to permit the rolling of the sail thereon without the necessity ot dividing the sail down the center Second, The combination of the rings, H H, which carry the traveling leads, f, with the yard and with the truss, by means of the collared bands, d d, and the rolling stays, h h, in the manner substantially as de scribed, to prevent longitudinal movement of the yard, and the rolling of the traveling leads with the yard [See another page] LANTERNS A H Golden, of LaFayette, Ind: I claim the bow or hail, B, pivoted to the upper part of the lantern, A, and provided with the plate or shield, C, and clamp constructed as shown, whereby the lantern may be readily secured to the arm of the person desiring its use, and the person have the control of both arms and hands, and at the same time have the full benefit of the light [This lantern is 80 attached to the arm of the person carrying it that he has perfect control of both arms and hands, and at the same time have full benefit of the light The invention is designed more particularly for the use of railroad conductors while collecting fares and tickets, but it may be advantageously used by others in performing any work at which a light is required, and both hands have to be used ] HORSE COLLAR BLOCKSE D Gould, of Darien, N Y : Idonotclaima collar block with a base to mold the rear or belly of the collar But I claim a collar block so constructed as to shape the interior of the front of the collar, and the interior of the rear of the collar next to the front, and the interior only, and stretch them at the same time, and hold them firmly in the form required, while the rear or belly qf jthe collar is manipulated by hand, and worked and beat into the form required with a mallet, and other suitable tools, substantially as described RAILROAD STATION INDICATORJohn M Harvey, of Amsterdam, N Y and N J Becker, of Florida, N Y: We claim, First, The arrangement or a series of separated printed indicating cards, plates, or boards on a flexible endless bolt or chain, and having the same revolve over a flat square or manysided revolving shaft within a case which has a transparent front, substantially as set forth Second, The employment of a selfadjusting forked rod leading down to the railroad rails, and furnished with a catch on each prong, in combination with projections on the corners of the square, or manysided shaft, a reversing cam, and double inclines or bevel stops, arranged along the track at the different stations or streets, substantially as and for the purposes set forth Third, The combination of a spring selfadjusting bell hammer and bell with the square or manyBided shaft, and its projections, substantially aa and for the purposes set forth [An engraving and description of this invention will be found on another page] CONVERTING RECDPROCATING INTO ROTARY MOTION Forest H Harwood, of Rushville, N Y : I claim the arrangement, substantially as shown and described, of a revolving eccentric ring or band, B, with edge clips, a b, of a reciprocating rod, or its equivalent, for operation together, to produce a revolving motion from a reciprocating one, and the reverse, as specified And I further claim the ombination with the reciprocating clips, a b, of the rod, D, having a radial action to the ring shaft, A, of the endless band, B, arranged eccentrically to its shaft, when said band is made of diminishing thickness in opposite directions from its dead points or portions for operation with the clips, in the manner and for the purposes set forth And lastly, I claim connecting the revolving eccentric ring or oand, B that reciprocates the clips, a b, or is revolved by them, with its shaft by or through the flywheel, which aids the ring in passing its dead*vints orcenters, whereby the fly wheel is braced by the ring, and more immediate relief ia given to, and generally diffused over the latter [See a description in another portion of this paper] POTATO DIGGERSLewis W Harris, of Waterville, N Y : I claim the employment or use of a share, B, and drag, G, eo constructed and arranged to operate as and for the purposes shown and described I further claim, in combination with the share, E, and drag, G, the supplementary shares, F F, arranged to operate conjointly with the drag and opening share, as and for the purpose specified [A drag is employed in connection with a share, so arranged that the hills or drills containing the potatoes or other roots, will be opened by the share, and the roots subjected to the action of the drag, whereby the earth will be leveled and the potatoes brought to the surface of the ground The invention also consists in the use of supplementary shares, in connection with the drag, and opening share abovementioned, whereby the sides of the hills or drills are removed or pared off, preparatory to the action of the central opening share and drag, and the operation of the lastnamed parts is in some degree facilitated] Row LOOKJames H Hills, of Burlington, Vt: I claim the arrangement and combination of half rings, H, and set or adjusting screws, F and J, and the sus pension and operating of the oar at point e, substantially in the mode and manner described COUPLING PIPESW Hudgin of Washington, D C : I claim effecting the combination of the main and branch pipea, A B, by means of an open coupling, B', which is furnished with an enlarged passage, a, to receive the main pipe, A, a passage to receive or communicate with the branch pipe, B, and a set screw, c, or wedge and key, and suitable packing to make a tight joint, and always maintain the same, substantially as and for the purposes set forth [We have given a notice of this machine in another column] METHOD OF HOLDING AND FEEDING "THE BOLT IN STAVE MACHINESAbraham Hupp, of Lancaster, Ohio: I claim the combined arrangement of the levers, 14 and 15, catch rod, 21, and slides, 5 5, arranged with levers, n n, and m, pawl, 12, ratchet wheel, 8, cord, 7 7, and plate, 6 6, all for holding and feeding the timber R, to the cutter as represented, and for the purpose mentioned in the specification MACHINE FOR CUTTING FILESJ N Jacobs, of Worcester, Mass : I claim, first, the wedge, I, at the top of the toggle by which the cutter is operated, combined with a foot piece, r, with its shoe, i*, resting upon the file blank or file, by means of mechanism substantially such as described, and with a loaded" lever, O, or its equivalent to operate as set forth, for the purpose of controlling the depth of cut throughout the whole length of the file Second, Supporting the file blank or file upon a rolling bed fitted to a carriage with rollers interposed in the manner substantially as set forth, for the purpose of insuring an uniform depth of cut all across the file Third, The combination of the rocking shoe, r', of the foot piece, r, with the rolling bed, E, substantially as and for the purpose set forth Fourth, The cam, W, combined "with the wedge, I, foot piece, r, and ahoe, r', by mechanism substantially ae herein described, for the purpose of raising the cutter ? and shoe, r', of the foot piece, r, from the file or blank to prevent injury during its return [A notice of this invention will be found on another page] IOE PITCHERErnest Kauffman, of Philadelphia, Pa: I claim the ice pitcher having the inner portion or lining, B, fitted to the outer portion or casing, A, with screw threads or their equivalents, which make a tight joint, but provide for its ready removal and replacement or renewal, as set forth [An engraving and description of this invention Trill be found on another page] CRIMPING TOBAOOORhodolphus Kinsley, of Springfield, Mass: I claim the employment of one or more pairs of rollers constructed and arranged substantially as above set forth, for equalizing and crimping rolls in the manufacture of lump tobacco PIANOFORTE ACTIONHenry A Leaman, of New York City: I claim, first, the attachment of the hammer of an upright pianoforte action to the rear extremity of the key, and the arrangement of the notch, d, in the back side of the butt, B, of such hammer, so that the working face of the notch will operate substantially as described, in contact with the edge of a stationary bar, f, and by such operation cause the hammer to move back to strike the string, when the front end of the key is depressed Second, In combination with the attachment of the hammer to the rear extremity of the key, I claim the attachment of the damper to the hammer butt below the pivot, b, which attaches the hammer to the key substantially as herein specified, whereby it is made to serve as a stop to the hammer or means of regulating the length of stroke of the hammer, and depth or level of the key, substantially as described Third, I claim the application of the regulating screw, c, in the rear end of the key to operate in combination with a portion, B', of the hammer butt extended below the pivot, which attaches the butt to the key, substantially as described Fourth, I claim the arrangement of thedarnperlever, C, behind the downwardly extended portion, B', of the hammer butt, substantially as and for the purpose specified [This improvement consists mainly in a certain arrangement of the several parts of the action for upright pianofortes, by which any one of the keys can be taken out, with all the movingparts of the action that belong to that key, without disturbing any other part of the action J ATMOSPHERIC PRESSURE DENTAL PLATESMoms Levett, of New York City: I do not claim retaining tbe plates of artificial teeth in place by means of atmoapheric pressure, as the same has been applied both to the roof of the mouth, and also at the alveolarridge But I claim the manner herein described of attaching the plates of artificial teeth by means of separate cells or cavities acting upon the alveolar ridge substantially in the manner and for the purposes specified SEEDING MACHINESIsaac B Lutz, of La Fayette, Ind : I do not claim the adjustable bars, D, separately, nor do I claim broadly the employment of screw rods for discharging the seed trom the seed boxes But I claim the rotating rods, K, provided with two screw threads placed in reverse positions, and so arranged as to discharge the seed at both ends of their seed boxes, G, substantially as and for the purpose set forth I further claim the seed boxes, G G H, attached respectively to the adjustable bars, D, and oeam, A, and provided with seed distributing screw rods, operated from the driving wheel, B, through the medium of the gearing m n q j j j, substantially as set forth [This invention is chiefly designed for sowing seed broadcast among standing corn, and consists in the means employed for distributing the seed, and in a peculiar arrangement of the seed boxes and shares, so that they are rendered capable of adjustment, to enable the implement to be expanded or contracted while in motion, to conform to the varying width;; of the rows of seed] SMUT MACHINESSamuel B Manning, of AUeghany, Pa: I claim the use of a cone, 1, placed above the distributing cup, to prevent any eddy or interruption of the draft of air, which would cause the deposit of the screenings and dirt in the cup VISE ANVIL FOR REPAIRING TEAILSSanford Maford Mason and E M Davis, of Michigan City, Ind : We claim, first, the combination of the guard, c, on the lever jaw, and the groove, a, in the bed piece with a rafeing mechanism for raising up said leVer jaw, substantially as described We also claim in combination the projection, d, on the lover jaw and the groove, g, on the locking jaw, so that when the jaws are raised up, they will open to receive the rail, and when released will catch and firmly hold themselves and the rails to the bed piece, aubstantially as described CORN SHELLERSThomas W McFarlan, of Salem, Ohio, and L H Davis, of West Chester, Pa, : I claim the guttershaped guard, I, arranged between and underneath the bevel picker wheels, and overlapping the head of the vibrating riddle, substantially as and for the purposes set forth Second, Having the head end of the riddle rest upon a horizontal projection of an inclined board, substantially as and for the purpose set forth Third, Lining the spouts or shutes of the head, E, with a thin pivoted or yielding metal lining in tbe manner and for the purpose set forth FENCE POSTR Merrill, of Elmira, N Y: I claim the shoe or foot plate, H, constructed as described with deflected plates,1, and slotted openings, g, in combination with the skeleton post, a, and flanges, e, substantially as and for the purpose set forth HARVESTERSW K Miller, of Canton, Ohio: I do not claim to have invented the separate features of balancing the cutter bar and its appendages upon a supporting shoe or roller, nor of hinging the same to the central axis around which the tongue or hounds of the machine turn, nor of arranging the central line of draft so as to more nearly equalize the resistance in drawing on both sides thereof, as I am aware that such in different connections arenot new But I claim the combination of the draw bar, F F, and cutter bar, P, when the same are balanced upon the sustaining shoe, R, and hinged to tlie axle of the driving wheel, A, distinct from the hounds of the draft tongue as described with the tongue, H, so attached that the line of its draft will be equidistant from the central longitudinal lines of the driving wheel, A, and sustaining shoe, R, the several parts being constructed and arranged with respect to each other as set forth for the purpose specified THRESHING MACHINESJohn R Mofiitt, of St Louis, Mo: I claim the construction and arrangement of the metallic gearing frame, H, provided with arms, h h, and attached to the machine substantially as explained COATED METAL PLATESEdmund Morewood and Geo Rogers, of Enfield, Eng Patented in England July 21,1855: We claim the new article of manufacture herein described, termed coated metal plates, consisting of sheet metal prepared and coated with a mixture of repellant and preservative coating substantially as herein set forth, the said coated sheet metal being intended as a substitute for many purposes for tin plates, galvanized iron, or other articles of that description produced by dipping sheets of metal into melted metals MACHINE FOR SPLITTING WOODFranz Noette, of Brooklyn, N Y: I claim the intermittingly rotating table or bed, D, in combination with the vertical reciprocating cutter shaft, F, arranged to operate substantially as and for the purpose set forth [A notice of this invention will be found on another Page] REMOVABLE RAMMER OF REVOLVING FIRE ARMS Henry S North, of MiddletownConn : I claim having the rack, d, and passage or chamber, b, made in the head of the base pin, B, substantially as described, thus rendering the rammer independent of every other part, and facilitating its removal and construction as set forth [A description will be found on another page] MACHINES FOR PLANTING POTATOESJesse W Pelletreau, of East Moriches, N Y: I claim the general arrangement of the hopper, K, and automatic dropping apparatus, consisting of the spouts, L clappers, m, wheel ' n, and blocks, 9 9,inconnectionwith the opening and * covering;ilows, substantially as specified, whereby the ft potatoes or pieces of potato being fed into the machine f by hand are not injured, and all the advantages of ; hand planting are attained without the laborious work connected therewith aa specified * CROSSOUT SAWING MACHINEHenry H Potter, of Carthage, N Y : I do not claim separately any of the parts herein described But I claim operating the saw, E, by means of the bent lever, C arranged substantially as shown, in connection with the feeding device formed of the levers, F G, and guide, f, the whole being combined and arranged to operate conjointly, for the purpose set forth [A notice of this will be found on another page] SEEDING MACHINESThomas A Risher, of Circleville, Ohio : I do not claim the combination of the bar and plates with the doubleholed bottom and the reciprocating slides, as this I have patented Bat I claim the peculiar arrangement of the bars, B Bl B2 B3, with the right and left screws, E E', slides, al and a2, with its stirrer, O, for the purpose of regulating the quantity of grain with uneven slides, as described SEEDING MACHINESThomas A Risher of Cireleville, Ohio : I claim the peculiar arrangement of the bottom, B, as oonstructed, with the rock slides, c c c c, handles d d and e e, rods, h h, set screw, a, and bottom, x all operated in the manner set forth and for the purpose described FIELD FENCEBenning Rowells, of Ossian, N Y : I claim the method of connecting the panels and the braces with each other, by interlocking the upper and lower rails with the brace post, in the manner as described, whereby the panels are firmly connected with each other, and interlock with the posts without the aid ot independent connecting devices COTTON SEED PLANTERSJames Ross, of Midway, Ala : I claim the combination of the hollow shaft and arms, flanges, 11, shaft, c, discharge plate, a, and mechanism vibrating the same, arranged and operating substantially as and for the purpose set forth WALLET FASTENERJacob T Sargent, of Carlinville, 111 : I claim the combination of the spring catch, and the attachment plate, the same constituting a safety apparatus for the purpose described I also claim arranging the spring catch and attachment plate together as specified, and making the said catch with JI bent'l or recess, d, disposed with respect to the attachment rlate in manner and for the purpose set forth SEWING MAOIUNKSElliot Savage, of Berlin, Conn I claim forming :i chain stitch seam by the looper, constructed and arranged in the manner described, when, operated in combination with an eyepointed needle, so that the looper shall enter the open loop as the needle rises, and, while resting on the bed plate, securely hold the first loop open in the path of the needle and release the loop, when the needle shall have entered to form a new stitch as set forth I aim claim the specific device herein described for regulating the tension of the thread in sewing machines, consisting in a spoolsupporting bracket constructed as specified, and arranged in relationto and operating in connection with a screwthreaded standard in such a manner as to ascend or descend when rotated around and upon said standard for the purpose of causing the thread to be wound around said screw until the requisite degree of tension is obtained GRAIN SEPARATORSFrancis Schunko, of York, Pa : I do not claim separately any of the parts shown and described for said parts or their equivalents have been previously used, but I am not aware that the partshave been arranged as herein shown, so that the screens could be inclined more or less as desired, the screens subjected to a jarring shake motion, and the grainsubjicteri to the action of the blast during the principal part of the time occupied in its passage through the machine I claim the screens, E I Jplacedinadjustableframes, F H, operated by the cam, I1, levers, J' K', and springs, q t, arranged relatively with each other, and the fan, C, spout or passage, P, and board, Gr substantially as shown and described for the purpose set forth [A series of selves or screens are employed and a blast fan arranged relatively with each other, whereby the grain is not only seived or screened in a perfect manner, but in its passage from one seive or screen to the other, presented in the most favorable manner to the action of the blast from the fan, so that all light substance will be blowa away In order to render the operation of the selves and fan as perfect as possible, provision is made for the adjustment of the latter, whereby the passage of the grain through the machine may be accelerated or retarded as occasion may require] PLOWST S Scovillr, of Elmira, N Y: I do not claim making the eyes of the apur wheels larger than the journals on which they turn Nor do I claim the simple use of washers or of clearinar teeth But I claim fhe combined arrangement of the loosely turning spur wheels, D D, the separating washers, f f, and the clearing teeth, i i, acting upon or close to said washers,substantially as specified, so that the eccentric movement of the said spur wheels, together with the said closely fitting washers and clearing teeth, will effectually keep the implement free from impediment LOOKE M Shaw, of Baltimore, Md : I claim the plate, r, spring plates, p p, pins, x, and hollow stem, q, combined as described RAILROAD STATION INDICATORCharles J Smith, of North Prairie, Wis : I claim neither the cylinders nor the scroll, but I claim the shitting lever or bar, B, and the mode of adjusting it by means of the index fincrer at the end of the crank shaft, F, in such manner as to cause the rollers or cylinders to revolve in opposite directions by means of the same application of power in combination with the pin or stops upon the lever, A, and the slots or openings in the aforesaid shifting lever or bar, B, arranged specifically as shown and described, for the purposes sat forth HAND PRINTING STAMPBenjamin B Standoff, of New York City: I am aware that hand stamps for printing have long been made with a movable die for the purposeof first being brought in contact with the inking pad, and then with the printing pad I do not claim such movable die But I do claim moving the die from the inking pad to the printing pad and backwards by means of the spool, A A, through which the stamping rod passes, operating in a straight line between parallel guides, arranged for that purpose upon a stationary arm over thfi inking and printing pads I also claim in combination with the sliding spool A A, the catch, F, when arranged and operated in the manner anrlfor the purpose specified CARPETHOLDERHorace Thayer, of Warsaw, N Y: I do not claim as new the parts composing my device But I claim the arrangement of the spring tube clasp and slide forming a carpet holder, constructed and operated substantially as described IRONING TABLEWm Vandenburg Jr, of New York City : I claim the ironing table composed of a board rigidly attached at one end to a stand, which is provided with a movable support for the other end of the board, to operate in the manner and for the purpose specified [We will publish an engraving and a full description of this table in a week or two] HARVESTERSIsaac Van Doren, of Somerville, N J: I do not claim elevating the sickle by means of a plate or part,swinging on a center, and moving in a circle, and carrying the sickle with it, this having been done by W A Kerby in his invention, patented 1856 "But I claim the arrangement and connection of the movable part, E, with the fixed part, B, by means of the two connecting curves, 3 and 4, or their equivalent, to secure proper motion to the part, E, without any ne cessary support or connection from the center, G 3 I also claim, in combination with the parts, B and E, the secondary movable part, K, substantially as described to bring the sickle, whatever its position on the curve, B, level with the cutting surface I also claim, in combination with the parts, B E and K, the use and application of the universal joint, C, in connecting the sickle lever to the machine, substantially as described, to allow of the change in the position of the sickle, in the manner described LAMP ATTACHMENTWilliam W Wade, of Long Meadow, Masa, and Charles Burnham, of Springfield, Mass : We are aware that deflectors or chimney bands have been used, also that chimney bands have been attached to the top of the shell by hinges projecting outward, and also that openings have been used as fasteners for various other and different purposes than described ; such we do not claim But we claim securing tbe deflector, G, into the groove, of the chimney 1*; 11, J, the said band being hinged to the lamp cap, the whole constructed and operating in the manner set forth PLOWSJ C Williamson, of Washington, Ga : I claim the combination of the plow iron, E, brace, F, and cutter or share, G, when formed and united together, and to the beam, in the manner and for the purpose set forth COUPLING OP SHAFTING FOR PROPELLERSSeth Wilmarth, of Charleston, Mass ; S L Hay, of Reading, Pa, and D N B Coffin, Jr, of Newton, Mass, : We claim the combination of plate, d, or its equivalent, with the head plates of the shaft in any manner substantially as described, so that the coupling may accommodate itself to the angular and transverse variation between the driving and driven parts of the shaft, whether that variation be variable or permanent PISTONS FOR STEAM ENGINESRoss Winans, of Baltimore, Md : I claim the combination substantially as set forth, of selfsetting packing, that, unaided by the skill of the engineer, will adjust itaelf in to close contact with the cylinder, and bear against the same with the proper force; of means for binding this packing firmly in place when it has set itself out, and for slackening it again when necessary to allow it to rest itself; and of meana by which the packing can be easily loosened and tightened without removing the cylinder head, whereby the packing pf the piston of a locomotiv*e can be adjusted better, and in less time than by any combination previously invented LOCOMOTIVE ENGINIBRosa Winans, of Baltimore, Md : I claim the combination of afootboard, located below the usual level of the platform of the tender, and the surface of the grate, with a firebox and grate adapted to the burning of coal as fuel, whereby the interior of such a firebox and the grate thereof, can be more readily reached by the fireman, and his duties be performed with greater expedition, convenience and effect I also claim the combination of an ashpan, open at its hinder end, with a footboard located below the grate and the usual level of the platform of the tender, whereby the lower side of the grate and the space beneath can be inspected and reached by the fireman while the engine is in motion GRATES, FOR STEAM ENGINESROSS Winans, ef Baltimore, Md : I claim the grate of a locomotive engine, composed of a series of narrow sections each containing two or more bars and supports therefor, the sections and their supports being constructed and arranged substantially as set forth, to permit each section to be rocked independently of the other by means of a hand lever applied outside ef the firebox, as set forth I also claim the construction of the series of bars of the grate and the bearer for supporting the same as described, so that any member of the series may be rocked upon two axes, without contracting the narrowest part of the spaces between it and the adjacent stationary members of the series, as described DOOR BOLTSJohn Woolman, of Philadelphia, Pa : I claim the arrangement of the flat or elliptical bolt, A, contained and moving1 within suitable straps or casings, with an eccentric motion, when operated and moved by means of the handle or lever, B, substantially as described MACHINERY FOR BOLTING, DUSTING AND SEPARATING THE GROUND MATERIALJoel Woodward, of Philadelphia, Pa : I claim, first, The stationary brush or distributor shown by letter ,a,f or the purpose as set forth Second, The brushes, E E E, so arranged as to carry the meal or bran to or from the center, whereby the substance can be scoured or brushed as much as desired, in the manner and far the purposes set forth Third, The manner of making any number of separations or any mode of combining more than two separations in the duster or separator, in the manner and for the purpose set forth Fourth, The manner of providing the corresponding bottom or platform below E E, with sweeps or scrapers to carry the flour to spouts, as set forth Fifth, And the mode of regulating the brushes on the wire or cloth by the bolts or set screws, and the screw, b, at the bottom of the shaft, I, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as described, and to be used in connectiou with the specification METHOD OF GUIDING RECIPROCATING SCROLL SAWS John C Cline (assignor to himself and Samuel Rhodes) of Philadelphia, Pa : I claim the employment of a cap, 3, in combination with a tubular guide, z, in the manner and for the purpose substantially as set forth CUTTING DEVICE FOR REAPING AND MOWING MAOHINESThomas Harding (assignor to Warden, Brokaw Child), of Springfield, Ohio : I claim the arrangement of the end of the sickle bar A, next the divider, ofacutting and clearing section b, as constructed and for the purposes set forth STRAW CUTTERJ B Okey, of Indianapolis, Ind, assignor to himself and W Y Wiley, of Marion county, Ind : I claim the combination and arrangement of the box, a, gage, G, knives, F F, or their equivalents, upon the drum or wheel, B, when constructed and arranged substantially as set forth LAMPSPascal Plant (assignor to himself and Peter Hannay), of Washington, D C: I claim forcing a current of air through the lower or blue part of the flame by means of a cappiece, constructed and arranged in relation to the wick tube, in the manner and for the purposes substantially as set forth LANTERNSJ H Reighard (assignor to himself, John Bird, and David Challener), of Birmingham, Pa : I do not claim the coating of the external surface of a portion of the glass globe of lanterns with silver or other metallic substances, for the purpose of giving a reflecting surface But I claim making a circular convex projection in the eide of the globe of lantern icast or molded in one piece with the globe (which is to be silvered externally as a reflector), the edge of which circular projection is slightly raised from the surrounding surface of the globe, so as to permit of the convenient attachment of a cap or covering to protect the silvered surface of the reflector from injury LAMPSRobert Steinmann (assignor to himself and N S Wax), of Boston, Mass : I claim, first The arrangement of the elevated reservoir, I, with its filter, K, and passages of communication, G and H, operating in the manner substantially as set forth Second, In combination with the reservoir, I, the passages, Gand H,and the oil chamber, D, I claim the bent tube, n, operating in the manner substantially as described Third, And in combination with the elevated hot oil reservoir, I, I claim the plate, L, for the purpose of regulating the temperature of the fat or oil, as specified GRAIN SEPARATORSJosiah Turner, of Sunapee, N H, assignor to himself and Edmund Burke, of Newport, N H : I do not claim the toothed cylinder, A, or its accompanying toothed concave, nor do I claim any of the described devices separately But I claim the upward inclined revolving straw carrier, S, in combination with the vibratory lattice, S", S,nd the adjustable lattice, S', constructedEand operat ing substantially in the manner as set forth and described PORTABLE GAB RETORTSD L Weatherhead and J T Henry (assignors to themselves, John M Smith and Wm P Campbell), of Philadelphia, Pa : We claim the exterior horizontal cylinder, B, in combination with the interior horizontal perforated cylinder, C, charged with pumice stone, when the cylinders are so constructedand arranged that the material from which the gas is to be made shall flow into the annular space between the two cylinders, and the gas when generated shall pass through the body of porous material for the purpose of purification in the manner descrihed REISSUE SAWING MILLWm H Ferry, Jr, of Ferrysburg, Mich Patented July 21,1857 : I claim, first, The particular means and their arrangement, as described, for accompanying that end Second, Effecting by means of an eccentric, the combination of the log carriage and automatic reversing mechanism, thereby rendering the saw mill capable of selffeeding and selfgigging, as set forth Third, So adjusting the gaging incline, d 3, that its hinge or pivoted joint and its opposite end or terminus shall always be at the same and equal distances from the set shaft, F, as described Fourth, The'application in the manner described of the adjustable selffastening trip, z, to a sawmill which operates with a continuous rapid motion back and forth, in combination with the vibratory reversing stop, w 2, substantially as and for the pnrposes set forth [We will publish a full description and engraving of this machine next week ADDITIONAL IMPROVEMENT HAND PRINTING PRESSSamuel J Smith, of New York City Patented Nov 3, 1857additional improvement dated April 6,185S : I do not claim an adjustable pressure block in itself What I claim as an improvement on my aforesaid patent of Nov 3, 1857, is First, The fountain cup, o, combined with the inking table, g, in substantially the manner and for the purposes specified Second, I claim the joint, 16, formed by the half pieces attached to the pressure block, b, and bed, a, when connected by the horizontal screw, and used for adjusting the press block, b, to the printing surface, and securely retaining the same in place, suhstantially as and for the purposes specified EXTENSION TRUSS FRAMES OF BRIDGESThomas W Pratt, of Norwich, Conn, and Caleb Pratt, of Boston, Mass Letters Patent No 3,523, dated April 4,1844extension dated April 4,1868 : We claim the described method of constructing a truss, that is to say, the combination of two diagonal tension braces and straining blocks in each panel of the truss frame of a bridge, by means of which the camber may be regulated so as to increase or diminish it, either in whole or in sectional part of the bridge, the whole being constructed and operating substantially as set forth DESIGN COOKING STOVESG W Pittock, G G Richmond, and C Phelps (assignor to themselves and J Lown), of Troy, N Y